Key dates in the political life of Hugo Chavez

2013-03-06 08:08
(Picture: AP)

(Picture: AP)

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Caracas - The following is a chronology of events in the political career of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, who died on Tuesday at the age of 58:

- 4 February 1992: Chavez, then a 37-year-old paratrooper lieutenant colonel, leads a failed coup. He is jailed for two years.

- 6 December 1998: Chavez is elected president with 56% of the vote. He takes office in February 1999.

- 30 July 2000: Chavez is re-elected with 56.9% of the vote, seven months after a constitutional reform that extended presidential terms from five years to six.

- 11 April 2002: Huge protest organised by business leaders and the biggest workers' union demanding Chavez's resignation. After clashes leave 19 people dead, the military ousts Chavez and jails him in a base on an island.

- 12 April 2002: Pedro Carmona, president of the Venezuelan chamber of commerce, heads an interim government, throws out the constitution and dissolves the legislature. Elections are called for the following year.

- 13 April 2002: Chavez supporters hold protests and loyal soldiers restore him to power 47 hours after his ouster.

- 2 December 2002: The oil giant PDVSA begins a strike aimed at forcing Chavez out but the attempt ends in failure and huge financial losses two months later.

- 15 August 2004: Chavez defeats attempts to force him from office in a recall referendum, getting 59% support.

- 4 December 2005: The opposition boycotts legislative elections, handing Chavez loyalists all seats in the National Assembly.

- 3 December 2006: Chavez defeats state governor Manuel Rosales in the presidential election, winning 62.89% of the vote.

- 2 December 2007: Venezuelan voters reject a raft of constitutional reforms in a referendum aimed at eliminating presidential term limits.

- 15 February 2009: This time, 54.36% of Venezuelans vote in favour of a constitutional amendment allowing presidents to run for office multiple times.

- 26 September 2010: Chavez's party wins legislative elections but the opposition grabs 40% of the seats.

- 10 June 2011: Chavez undergoes surgery in Cuba to treat an 'abscess' in his pelvic area.

- 30 June 2011: Chavez discloses that he underwent surgery to remove a cancerous tumour.

- 20 October 2011: Chavez declares he is free of cancer after four rounds of chemotherapy.

- 2 December 2011: Chavez hosts a regional summit to launch the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC).

- 21 February 2012: Chavez announces that tests found a lesion near where a tumour had been removed and that he will again undergo surgery in Cuba.

- 4 March 2012: Chavez confirms that a tumour was removed and that the cancer has returned, requiring radiation therapy in Cuba.

- March-April 2012: Chavez makes multiple trips to Cuba for cancer treatment, withdrawing from public appearances.

- 9 July 2012: Chavez declares himself cancer-free again.

- 30 July 2012: In a rare trip abroad since the start of his battle with cancer, Chavez goes to Brazil to mark Venezuela's entry into the Mercosur trade bloc.

- 7 October 2012: Chavez defeats opposition leader Henrique Capriles with 55% of the vote after his toughest campaign in years.

- 8 December 2012: Chavez reveals a cancer relapse and that he urgently needs a new operation in Cuba.

- 11 December 2012: Chavez undergoes a fourth round of cancer surgery in Cuba.

- 19 December 2012: The government announces Chavez is in a "stable" condition after being diagnosed with a respiratory infection.

- 15 February: In a first glimpse of Chavez for two months, he is seen in photos in Havana bed-ridden but smiling.

- 18 February: Chavez says on Twitter that he has returned to Venezuela and is taken to a military hospital in Caracas.

- 4 March: Chavez suffers from a "new and severe infection" that has caused a "worsening of respiratory function", the government says.

Read more on:    hugo chavez  |  venezuela

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