Renewed push at UN for Syria resolution

2013-09-25 07:01
US President Barack Obama. (Jewel Samad, AFP)

US President Barack Obama. (Jewel Samad, AFP)

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United Nations - US President Barack Obama appealed to the United Nations on Tuesday to back tough consequences for Syria if it refuses to give up chemical weapons and urged Russia and Iran to end their support for Syrian President Bashar Assad.

At the same time, Obama said agreement on Syria's chemical weapons should energize a larger diplomatic effort to end 2½ years of civil war - a sentiment that was echoed by the leaders of Turkey, Jordan and France, among others.

"I do not believe that military action - by those within Syria, or by external powers - can achieve a lasting peace," Obama told world leaders at the UN General Assembly.

Obama stepped back from launching unilateral military action against Syria this month, setting in motion a diplomatic effort that led to Russian assistance in persuading Syria to agree to give up its chemical weapons after a poison gas attack on 21 August that US officials say killed more than 1 400 people.

With Syria's promise not yet fulfilled, Obama's challenge at the United Nations was to persuade world leaders to join in applying pressure on Damascus with a UN Security Council resolution that includes tough consequences should Assad not surrender his chemical weapons stockpiles in a verifiable way.

"The Syrian government took a first step by giving an accounting of its stockpiles. Now, there must be a strong Security Council resolution to verify that the Assad regime is keeping its commitments, and there must be consequences if they fail to do so," Obama said.

The worry from the US side is that Russia might veto any resolution that contains even an implicit threat of military force against Syria. US Secretary of State John Kerry was due to meet his Russian counterpart, Sergei Lavrov, on Tuesday in an effort to agree on the wording of a resolution this week.

Negotiations on a draft in New York have come to a standstill while Russia and the United States struggle to reach an agreement that would be acceptable to both, diplomats say.

No 'trigger' clause

Speaking earlier in Moscow, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov reiterated Russia's opposition to any threat of military action against Assad. He said Moscow would not accept a resolution stipulating automatic punitive measures if Assad fails to comply with the US-Russian deal.

Nonetheless, prospects for an agreement between Russia and the West on a draft resolution may be improving, with Western powers giving up on what UN diplomats call a "trigger" clause for automatic punitive measures in the event of non-compliance.

French President Francois Hollande told the Assembly that too much time had been wasted trying to end the civil war, which the United Nations says has killed more than 100 000 people.

"We must ensure that this war ends. It is the deadliest war since the beginning of this century. The solution is a political one and too much time has been lost," he said.

Obama said it was not for America to determine who would lead Syria, but he added: "A leader who slaughtered his citizens and gassed children to death cannot regain the legitimacy to lead a badly fractured country".

Obama had an explicit message for Assad's two biggest backers, Iran and Russia: The notion that Syria can return to a pre-war status quo "is a fantasy".

"It's time for Russia and Iran to realise that insisting on Assad's rule will lead directly to the outcome they fear - an increasingly violent space for extremists to operate," he said.

Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, the emir of Qatar, which has been backing Syrian rebels, condemned what he called "horrible massacres" by the Syrian government.

"It is unfortunate that the perpetrators of these brutal crimes and massacres that have shocked every human conscience are enjoying impunity from deterrence or accountability," he told the Assembly.

In his opening speech to the General Assembly, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon appealed to member states not to abandon the Syrian people, and said it was not enough to destroy Syria's chemical weapons while the wider war continued.

"Military victory is an illusion. The only answer is a political settlement," Ban said.

Turkish President Abdullah Gul and Jordan's King Abdullah were among world leaders at the General Assembly who called for a more robust international effort to end Syria's civil war.

"This conflict has evolved into a real threat to regional peace and security," said Gul, whose country was once an ally of Assad but is now one of his fiercest critics. "Any recurrence of the proxy wars of the Cold War era will plunge Syria into further chaos."

King Abdullah said the number of Syrian refugees in Jordan could rise to 1 million by next year, equivalent to 20% of its population, and called for additional international support as the economic burdens weigh on the state.

"My people cannot be asked to shoulder the burden of what is a regional and global challenge," he said. "More support is urgently needed to send a strong signal that the world community stands shoulder-to-shoulder with those who have borne so much."

Obama announced the United States would provide an additional $339m in humanitarian aid to ease the Syrian refugee crisis, including $161m for people inside Syria and the rest for surrounding countries.

Read more on:    un  |  francois hollande  |  bashar assad  |  john kerry  |  sergei lavrov  |  barack obama  |  king abdullah  |  syria  |  russia  |  us  |  syria conflict

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