Sweden's first genocide trial opens

2012-11-16 19:31
Stanislas Mbanenande (back-C), a 54-year old Swede of Rwandan origin surrounded by his layers attends his trial in a courtroom in Stockholm. (AFP)

Stanislas Mbanenande (back-C), a 54-year old Swede of Rwandan origin surrounded by his layers attends his trial in a courtroom in Stockholm. (AFP)

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Stockholm - A Swede of Rwandan origin went on trial on Friday on charges of taking part in the killings of tens of thousands of people during the 1994 genocide in his homeland, the first such case in the Nordic country.

Stanislas Mbanenande, 54, an ethnic Hutu, is charged with genocide and crimes against international law and faces up to life in prison if convicted.

He allegedly took part in massacres between 12 April and 30 June 1994 that left thousands dead.

The indictment describes Mbanenande as having taken an "informal role as a lower-level leader among young Hutus who sympathised with, or came to sympathise with, Hutu extremism".

It also states that his leadership status was borne out by the fact that he possessed an automatic firearm, which he is said to have fired into crowds.

Mbanenande allegedly murdered or recruited young men to take part in massacres.

Denied charges

He was ordered to stand trial in Sweden after Stockholm was unable to comply with a request to extradite him to Rwanda, where he has been given a lifetime sentence in absentia, due to the fact that he obtained Swedish citizenship in 2008.

He has denied all charges following his arrest in December last year under an international arrest warrant.
Mbanenande has been in Sweden since 2007, when he joined his family and obtained a residency permit based on family reunification grounds.

The 6 April 1994 killing of Rwanda's Hutu president Juvenal Habyarimana triggered a genocide in which 800 000 people, mostly from the Tutsi minority, were killed, according to UN figures.

The trial is expected to take several months and will move to Rwanda for a few weeks to hear witnesses.

- SAPA

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