Syria: Diplomatic timeline

2012-06-30 07:45


Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Damascus - The main diplomatic moves to try to end the conflict in Syria, which monitors say has left more than 15 800 people dead since a widespread revolt broke out in March 2011:

- 18 August 2011: US President Barack Obama and Western allies call for President Bashar al-Assad to step down.

- 27 August: The Arab League, of which Syria is a member, holds an extraordinary summit on ending the violence.

Efforts by Western powers to obtain a United Nations Security Council resolution condemning Syria are stymied by Russia and China.

- 2 November: The Arab League says it has the agreement of Assad on a plan that would involve an end to the violence and a pullback of belligerent forces, leading to a "conference of national dialogue".

Ten days later, however, the League votes to suspend Syria's membership of the pan-Arab organisation due to the continued repression. It later also calls on its members to enact sanctions against the regime.

Failed mission

- 19 December: After tough negotiations, Syria agrees to receive a delegation of Arab League monitors.

- 22 January 2012: The Arab League agrees on a new plan under which Assad would hand over power to his deputy pending elections.

- 28 January: The Arab League acknowledges its observer mission has failed to halt the violence.

- 24 February: A group of mainly Western and Arab countries calling themselves the "Friends of Syria" hold a conference in Tunis. However Russia and China, who hold veto power on the UN Security Council, refuse to attend.

- 21 March: The Security Council agrees on a plan drafted by its former secretary general, Kofi Annan. The plan calls for a ceasefire, return of troops to their barracks and the opening of talks between the government and opposition.

- 1 April: Meeting in Istanbul, Friends of Syria countries extend formal recognition to the Syrian National Council, the main opposition umbrella group.

Continuing violence

- 12 April: The ceasefire called for under the Annan plan is supposed to come into force - but violence continues unabated.

- 14 and 21 April: The UN Security Council votes to send first 30 and then 300 observers to Syria.

- 16 June: Amid continuing heavy violence, the UN suspends the work of its observer mission, although they remain in the country.

- 18 June: Presidents Obama of the United States and Vladimir Putin of Russia meet at a G20 summit and call for "an immediate cessation of all violence".

- Saturday, 30 June: The foreign ministers of the five permanent UN Security Council members - Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States - to meet in Geneva to discuss a transitional plan for Syria.

Join the conversation! encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
Read more on:    un  |  bashar al-assad  |  syria  |  syria conflict  |  uprisings publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24


Rugby World Cup 2015

All the action from the 2015 RWC, including live coverage of all 48 matches, breaking news, fixtures, results, logs - and much more!


Rugby World Cup 2015

Heyneke unveils his USA plan
Lancaster, Robshaw consider their futures
Foley destroys England's dream
Boks continue upward curve
Traffic Alerts

Spontaneity is the order of the day. Let go and have some fun. Try not to set too many set plans and expectations and enjoy more

There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.