US free slave document marks 150 years

2012-12-31 13:41
Abraham Lincoln (Picture: AFP)

Abraham Lincoln (Picture: AFP) (Karen Bleier)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Washington - The document that freed slaves held in the US South celebrates its 150th birthday on Tuesday, and to mark the occasion, the National Archives has put it on display.

President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on 1 January 1863, declaring all slaves in Confederate territories, the rebellious southern states, to be "forever free”.

The proclamation led to the ratification of the 13th Amendment to the constitution in 1865, which legally ended the institution of slavery across the US.

Several hundred people lined up Sunday in Washington to view what the National Archives called "one of the great documents of human freedom”.

Two of the original five pages of the document are on display through Tuesday in a plexiglass case in the rotunda of the National Archives buiding.

The tumultuous period in US history during which the Emancipation Proclamation was written and signed is also the subject of the current major motion picture Lincoln, starring Daniel Day Lewis, which has been nominated for multiple awards.

Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, whose books provided the basis for the movie and who collaborated in its production, said on NBC News on Sunday that, philosophically, Lincoln always believed slavery was wrong.

The question he had to resolve, she said, was what power did he have to abolish it.

The Emancipation Proclamation was not passed by Congress but was a military order Lincoln issued as commander-in-chief of the US armed forces.

It brought freedom to slaves in areas under the control of Lincoln's Union army.

The National Archives is the nation's record keeper.

It also keeps original copies of the Magna Carta and the Declaration of Independence.

The Emancipation Proclamation can be displayed only for a limited time because of its fragility, which can worsen by exposure to light, the archives said.

The archives is to cap its three-day display with a public reading of the proclamation on Tuesday morning.

- SAPA
Read more on:    abraham lincoln  |  daniel day lewis  |  us
NEXT ON NEWS24X
SHARE:

Read News24’s Comments Policy

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
1 comment
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining
 

Inside News24

 
/News
Traffic & Train Alerts
Traffic
Milnerton 13:33 PM
Road name: Plattekloof Road

TRAFFIC LIGHTS not working at the M7 Interchange

Bellville 13:23 PM
Road name: N1 Outbound

ROADWORKS - left lane after the Old Oak Road exit

Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go!

Magical Massinga

Spend 5 nights at the gorgeous Massinga Beach Lodge in Mozambique and only pay for 4 from R13 220 per person sharing. Includes return flights, accommodation, transfers and romantic turndown. Book now!

Kalahari.com - shop online today

Up to 60% off - clearance sale!

Save up to 60% on appliances, books, electronics, toys, movies and more. Offer valid while stocks last. Shop now!

Deal of the Week!

Get bestselling John Green novels now just R99 each! Hurry and get yours while stocks last. Shop here.

Mind blowing deals on beauty & fragrances

Save up to 30% off beauty and fragrances. Offer valid while stocks last. Shop now!

Up to 50% off hair care products!

Save up to 50% on professional hair care products at kalahari.com. Offer valid while stocks last. Shop now!

30% off academic books

Score a mind blowing 30% off academic books! Offer valid while stocks last. Shop now!

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]

Samsung Galaxy s4

Mobile, Cell Phones in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 24

Best bargain in big bay

Real Estate, Houses - Apartments for Sale in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

VW Golf 6, 1.6 Trendline (Excellent condition)

Vehicles, Cars in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

Horoscopes
Aquarius
Aquarius

It is the end of the month and there may be a strong focus on organising finances. You may have found a need to reconstruct or...read more

There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.








Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.