Zimmerman ditches 'stand your ground'

2012-08-14 10:03
George Zimmerman (AP)

George Zimmerman (AP)

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Orlando — The attorney for the former neighbourhood watch volunteer who shot and killed an unarmed black teenager said on Monday he believes that the facts that will be argued in the case fall more under traditional self-defence.

Mark O'Mara, who is defending George Zimmerman against a second-degree murder charge in the fatal February shooting of Trayvon Martin, said looking at the case through traditional self-defence circumstances is appropriate because the facts suggest his client couldn't retreat from a beating he was receiving from Martin.

Martin's 26 February death in a gated community in the Orlando suburb of Sanford first drew national attention on 8 March, the day his relatives held a news conference to lament that Zimmerman hadn't been arrested.

Zimmerman's attorneys said last week that they would use Florida's "stand your ground" law, which allows people to use deadly force — rather than retreat — if they believe their lives are in danger.

"The facts don't seem to support a 'stand your ground' defense," O'Mara said.

Still, he said on Monday that the defence team will try to get the case dismissed during a 'stand your ground' hearing.

Inaccurate perception

"My concern with even calling it a 'stand your ground' hearing is we need to be more realistic," O'Mara said. "I've said from Day 1 we need to wait until all the evidence comes out."

O'Mara said he thinks people have a perception about the law that isn't accurate.

"People look at 'stand your ground' and immediately think somebody's standing there with deadly force — be it a gun or a weapon — and having the opportunity to back up but not having the need to under the statute," he said.

"I think the evidence in this case suggests that my client was reacting to having his nose broken and reacted to that by screaming out for help.

"He wasn't in position where I think there was any suggestion where he could retreat, which he is allowed to do under the statute."

If a judge were to side with Zimmerman in a pretrial hearing under the state's self-defence statute, the murder charge would be dismissed immediately. O'Mara said that he would not have to invoke any part of the "stand your ground" statute under the strategy he plans to use.

Solid defence

"I think the facts seem to support that though we have a stand-your-ground immunity hearing, what this really is, is a simple, self-defence immunity hearing," the defence attorney said.

University of Miami law professor Tamara Lave said O'Mara's shift may signal that he thinks his case for self-defence is solid even without the special provisions afforded by "stand your ground".

"'Stand your ground' makes it easier to prevail under self-defence theory than the law that existed beforehand," Lave said. "I think what he's saying is, his case is so strong that he doesn't need 'stand your ground'."

Before O' Mara can address the 'stand your ground' hearing, he is filing an appeal this week of trial Judge Kenneth Lester's recent decision to stay on the case.

O'Mara said it could take several weeks for the Fifth District Court of Appeals to rule.

"It's their timeline," O'Mara said. "They'll try to get to it quickly, but it could take several weeks. I still think he's a good judge and very fair... But there's a real question of whether Judge Lester stepped over his bounds."

Claim of bias


Zimmerman was initially granted $150 000 bond and released in April. But the judge revoked that bond in June after prosecutors presented evidence that Zimmerman and his wife misled the court about how much money they had, including $135 000 raised by then from a website for his legal defence. He was later freed on a new $1m bond.

Lester denied O'Mara's motion asking for the recusal earlier this month. O'Mara argues that language used by Lester when he set Zimmerman's $1m bond showed bias.

Martin was unarmed and walking back to an apartment where he was staying with his father at the time of the shooting.

Zimmerman wasn't charged with second-degree murder until 44 days after the shooting. During that time, protesters around the nation demanded Zimmerman's arrest, and the Sanford Police Department was accused of racism and incompetence.

Zimmerman, aged 28, has pleaded not guilty.

With much of the administrative aspects of the case already completed, O'Mara said that they are ready to begin setting up depositions for the state's witness list. Specific dates for those to begin are still being determined, however.

'Living like a hermit'

O'Mara said the defence has seen about 80 to 90% of the state's evidence in the case and that he would start the deposition process with the first responders to the shooting.

The defence witness list is still being put together, but O'Mara said he expects it to include FBI personnel, former co-workers of Zimmerman and experts.

Zimmerman and his wife, Shellie, are living in an undisclosed location somewhere in Seminole County while he awaits trial.

In setting Zimmerman's second bond, the judge mandated that he remains in the same county as the shooting, which O'Mara said "is the most dangerous county for him to be in".

He said they are both living "like a hermit" and are not working for fear of their safety.

O'Mara didn't rule out a future motion to have the bond terms modified, and allow him to reside out of state.

"I want him safe, wherever that might be," O'Mara said. "If it's out of state — so be it."

- AP
Read more on:    george zimmerman  |  trayvon martin  |  us
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