A look at how a US president can exercise his authority

2017-02-01 12:30
US president Donald Trump (File, Evan Vucci, AP)

US president Donald Trump (File, Evan Vucci, AP)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Washington - President Donald Trump has taken 18 executive actions since being sworn into office on Jan. 20. Some of the papers he signed were executive orders that dealt with building the wall he promised along the U.S.-Mexico border; temporarily banning entry to the US by refugees and people from seven majority-Muslim nations; and beginning to chip away at the Affordable Care Act.

For other actions, he signed presidential memoranda that covered withdrawing the US from a multinational, Pacific-Rim trade agreement; giving his defence secretary a month to deliver a plan to defeat the Islamic State group; and advancing a pair of stalled but controversial oil pipeline projects.

A look at an "executive order," a "presidential memorandum" and an "executive action."

EXECUTIVE ORDER

Executive orders are one of the ways a president has to exercise his authority. Presidents use the orders to establish policies and manage federal government operations, and they are binding only on the executive branch.

Executive orders are numbered and published in the Federal Register, the government's daily publication of proposed and final regulations, meaning anyone can look them up.

Most executive orders last for years or decades without being rescinded. Some orders that are more ideological in nature sometimes are put in place by presidents of one party and rescinded by presidents from the opposing policy.

Some of the orders Trump signed are intended to undo actions taken by his predecessor, Barack Obama, such as on health care. On the Affordable Care act, an executive order Trump signed shortly after being sworn in to office gives executive branch agencies broad leeway to chip away at parts of the health care law that they oversee.

PRESIDENTIAL MEMORANDUM

Not all of a president's executive authority comes by way of an executive order. They sometimes issue presidential memoranda, which still amount to orders from the president.

Presidential memoranda carry the same weight as an executive order, but tend to be more regulatory in nature.

They are not numbered, but are sometimes published in the Federal Register, which gives the paperwork a little bit more status.

PROCLAMATION

Proclamations are mostly ceremonial in nature. For example, upon the death of a public figure, presidents may issue a proclamation to order that US flags on federal property be flown at half-staff. Presidents also issue proclamations to declare special days, weeks or months, such as National Public Lands Day, Save Your Vision Week and National Family Caregivers Month.

EXECUTIVE ACTION

Executive action is an umbrella term used to include executive orders, presidential memoranda and proclamations.

Read more on:    donald trump  |  us

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X

Inside News24

 
/News

Book flights

Compare, Book, Fly

Traffic Alerts
Traffic
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.