Global press freedom at 13-year low - survey

2017-04-28 10:37
(iStock)

(iStock)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Washington - Global press freedom has hit a 13-year low, threatened by US President Donald Trump's media bashing and restrictions pursued by both democratic and authoritarian governments, a watchdog said on Friday.

A survey by Freedom House, a US-based human rights organisation, highlighted growing concerns over efforts by governments around the world to clamp down on media and dissent.

"Political leaders and other partisan forces in many democracies - including the United States, Poland, the Philippines, and South Africa - attacked the credibility of independent media and fact-based journalism, rejecting the traditional watchdog role of the press in free societies," said Jennifer Dunham, who headed the research.

In the 2016 study of 199 countries, the group concluded that just 13% of the world's population enjoys a "free press" where coverage of political news is robust, the safety of journalists guaranteed, state intrusion in media affairs minimal, and the press is not subject to onerous legal or economic pressures.

Another 42% of the world's population has a "partly free" press and 45% live in countries where the media environment is "not free", the group said.

Friday's report echoed a similar survey released this week by France-based Reporters Without Borders, which said press freedom is facing serious threats in 72 countries, downgrading the rankings of the United States, Britain and others.

The Freedom House report said press rights are being eroded by the efforts of politicians in democratic states to shape news coverage and delegitimise media outlets.

"When politicians lambaste the media, it encourages their counterparts abroad to do the same," Freedom House president Michael Abramowitz said.

Dimming US beacon 

Press freedom was on a modest decline in the United States even before Trump took office because of the industry's financial woes and news organisations' increasingly partisan positions, the report said.

But Trump is worsening the situation with his attacks on "fake news" and characterisation of the news media as "enemies of the people", according to Freedom House.

"Such comments suggest a hostility toward the fundamental principles and purposes of press freedom, especially the news media's role in holding governments to account for their words and actions."

The attacks on US media also have the effect of giving authoritarian regimes a green light to crack down on their countries' independent press, Freedom House added.

"A greater danger is that the United States will stop being a model and aspirational standard for other countries," the report said.

"Protection of press freedom in the United States remains vital to the defense and expansion of press freedom worldwide; indeed, it is a cornerstone of global democracy."

Russian propaganda

Russia especially is taking advantage of the situation by seeking to manipulate news and social media content in other countries, Freedom House said.

"Vladimir Putin's regime in Russia has been a trailblazer in globalising state propaganda," the report said.

"It continues to leverage pro-Kremlin reporting around the world, particularly in neighbouring countries with Russian-speaking populations."

The worst scores for press freedom went to North Korea, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, and the top to Norway, the Netherlands and Sweden. The global average fell to new lows.

Press freedom is also under threat from surveillance laws designed to fight terrorism, the report said.

"Many major democracies, including Britain, France and Germany, have recently passed laws that tip the balance in favour of eavesdroppers and lack sufficient oversight mechanisms and safeguards against abuse," it said.

China, Ethiopia, Iran, and Syria "are among the many staunchly autocratic countries where physical and online monitoring is a fact of life for journalists, intended in part to intimidate the media and suppress critical coverage".

Countries with notably sharp declines in press freedom included Turkey, due to increased censorship, closures of independent media outlets and a sharp rise in detentions and violence against journalists.

Poland also saw a major drop thanks to "government intolerance toward independent or critical reporting" and restrictions on speech concerning Polish history and identity.

Read more on:    donald trump  |  us  |  media

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X

Inside News24

 
/News
Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.