Alcohol remains popular treatment for illnesses in Kenya

2015-03-20 11:42

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Nairobi - Beer for measles or labour pains and even stronger beverages for a simple case of flu: The belief in alcohol-based home remedies remains strong in Kenya, but medical authorities warn that they may do more harm than good.

If her two young sons were to get the measles tomorrow, Margaret Muchori - a registered nurse with more than 10 years experience - would treat them by bathing them in beer.

"You do it in the morning and evening," Muchori says. "My mother told me she did it for about five days and [the rashes] cleared."

The middle-aged woman goes for regular checkups with her family doctor and updates her vaccines, but in the case of measles, she says she would turn to muratina, a type of beer made by her Kikuyu ethnic group from a local fruit of the same name.

A 2012 study published by the African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics says that traditional medicine using herbs and alcohol is still widely practiced in Kenya, and according to Muchori, every tribe has its own traditional remedies.

More harmful than therapeutic

But some of the alcohol-based home treatments may be more harmful than therapeutic.

A potent alcoholic drink known as chang'aa - distilled from millet, maize and sorghum - is sometimes used to treat malaria, flu, parasites and typhoid in Kenya.

Chang'aa - a name that means "kill me quick" in Swahili - contains methyl alcohol, which can cause blindness and even death when consumed in large quantities.

The risks do not deter Jane Odinga, a grandmother living in the Kibera slum on the outskirts of Nairobi. She says she recently gave chang'aa to her 9-month-old granddaughter to cure a stubborn case of the flu.

"A long time ago there were no hospitals, so one of the things used as medicine was alcohol," says Odinga.

Other alcohol-based treatments include drinking beer while pregnant, which is believed to reduce labour pains.

Moderate alcohol consumption has been long thought to have health benefits, including reduced risk of heart disease and stroke, according to a 2011 study based on medical literature by Harvard Medical School and two other research institutes.

Highest alcohol consumption

But alcohol, a central nervous system depressant, can impair brain function in the short term and weaken the immune system in the long term, according to the US National Institute of Alcohol Abuse.

Rather than curing an ailment, alcohol may only relieve symptoms by helping the patient feel them less acutely, says doctor Harrison Kiambati, a senior official with Kenya's ministry of medical Services.

Suppressing the symptoms can be harmful because it gives the patient time to develop complications, Kiambati added.

Acording to Kenya's National Authority for the Campaign Against Alcohol and Drug Abuse (Nacada), alcohol is the most commonly abused substance in the country, posing a risks to the population through excessive consumption and the adulteration of illicit brews.

Though urban Kenyans use alcohol at a higher rate than those who live in rural areas, the Nacada reports that traditional liquor - chang'aa in particular - is still more likely to have been consumed by rural children than urban children.

Kenya's highest alcohol consumption has been reported in Nairobi, where nearly 16% of residents admit to drinking a packaged or legal form alcohol within the last month. According to the Nacada, chang'aa is consumed by roughly 7.2% of Nairobi residents on a regular basis.

Alcohol treatments

There is no information available on how much alcohol use in Kenya is related to treating medical ailments, although Nacada has said that nearly half of respondents in a 2010 survey cited poverty as the reason for drinking.

Kiambati, the ministry official, said he was not aware of alcohol treatments having caused deaths, but added that such treatments were poorly documented.

"As a medical doctor, I would not prescribe something that has not been proven or researched scientifically," Kiambati said.

Many Kenyans ignore such warnings and continue using traditional remedies, which are cheaper and require no travel to medical centres that can be far away, according to the African Journal of Pharmacology and Therapeutics.

Muchori admits that while she was pregnant, she was tempted to try beer as a remedy for labour pain.

"I nearly took Guinness," she says. "But anything you consume without scientific proof is not good."

Read more on:    kenya  |  east africa

Join the conversation! encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.