Ivory Coast in 'civil war situation'

2010-12-31 21:30

Abidjan - A top ally of Ivory Coast's internationally recognised leader said on Friday that the country is already in a "civil war situation", and urged the incumbent leader who refuses to cede power to step down by a midnight deadline.

The United Nations has said that the volatile West African nation once divided in two faces a real risk of return to civil war, but Prime Minister Guillaume Soro told reporters that the country is already at this point - "indeed in a civil war situation".

"This is what's at stake: Either we assist in the installation of democracy in Ivory Coast or we stand by indifferent and allow democracy to be assassinated," Soro said at a news conference hours before incumbent leader Laurent Gbagbo was expected to make an address on state television.

Soro cited more than 200 deaths and said 1 000 others had been wounded by gunfire.

Human rights groups have accused Gbagbo's security forces of abducting and killing political opponents, though Gbagbo says some victims were security forces killed by protesters. The UN has confirmed at least 173 deaths.

The UN had been invited by all parties to certify the results of the November 28 presidential run-off vote. 


The UN declared Alassane Ouattara the winner, endorsing the announcement by the country's electoral commission. But Gbagbo has refused to step aside now for more than a month, defying international condemnation and growing calls for his ouster.

West African leaders have said they are prepared to use military force to push Gbagbo out, but are giving negotiations more time for now. For many, the credibility of the international community is at stake if it is unable to ensure that Ouattara takes power.

Gbagbo points to Ivory Coast's constitutional council, which declared him president after throwing out more than half a million votes from Ouattara strongholds.

The council invalidated election results in those areas, citing violence and intimidation directed at Gbagbo supporters. The top UN envoy in Ivory Coast has disputed that assessment.


Soro told reporters on Friday that if Gbagbo steps aside by midnight, "he will be guaranteed all the privileges of a former head of state".

Gbagbo, though, already has rebuffed a high-level delegation of West African leaders who paid him two personal visits, and shows no signs he plans to go. Soro did not say what action might be taken early on Saturday if the deadline passes unheeded.

"All dictators are alike and all dictators will not negotiate their departure - they are made to leave," Soro said. "For the time being we are letting diplomacy do its work but when the time comes, each of us will assume our responsibilities."

Soro was appointed prime minister under Ouattara's government, which has been holed up in the Golf Hotel under UN protection despite its widespread international recognition.

Soro, a former rebel leader from the north, served in a coalition government with Gbagbo but is now aligned with Ouattara.

Youth leader

Meanwhile, a pro-Gbagbo youth leader has encouraged his supporters to seize the Golf Hotel, saying that Ouattara and Soro have until Saturday to "pack up their bags" and leave.

The building is being guarded by about 800 UN peacekeepers and hundreds of rebels loyal to Ouattara.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has said he is "deeply alarmed" by the youth leader's comments, and he has called on Gbagbo supporters to "refrain from such dangerous irresponsible action", a UN spokesperson said.

The youth leader, Charles Ble Goude, is known as the "street general" for organising a violent anti-French and anti-UN gang that terrorised the foreign population in Ivory Coast in 2004-2005.

Human rights groups have warned that security forces loyal to Gbagbo have been abducting political opponents in recent weeks. 


The United Nations, citing witness reports, believes up to 80 bodies may be inside one building nestled among shacks in a pro-Gbagbo neighbourhood on the outskirts of Abidjan.

Investigators have tried to go there several times, and even made it as far as the building's front door before truckloads of men with guns showed up and forced them to leave.

A second mass burial site is believed to be located near Gagnoa in the interior of the country, the UN said. Gbagbo's government has repeatedly denied the existence of mass graves.

Ivory Coast was divided into a rebel-controlled north and a loyalist south by a 2002-2003 civil war, and the long-delayed presidential election was intended to help reunify the nation.

However, tensions over the outcome have sparked violence including several attacks on UN peacekeepers.


Ivory Coast, the world's top cocoa producer, was officially reunited in a 2007 peace deal. However, Ouattara still draws his support from the northern half of the country, where residents feel they are often treated as foreigners within their own country by southerners.

A high-level West African delegation is expected to return to Abidjan on Monday.

Colonel Mohammed Yerima, director of defence information for the Nigerian military, said that defence chiefs from the 15-nation regional bloc Ecowas met Fon riday to begin strategising what sort of assault they'd use if those talks fail.

But his comments appeared to suggest no such attack was imminent, as he said the plans would only be presented to Ecowas  leaders in Mali in mid-January.

"The most important thing is - the political option is the best," he said.