Kenya: From 2007 to 2013 general polls

2013-03-01 10:45

Nairobi - Here are the key dates in Kenya, between disputed 2007 general elections which were followed by deadly violence and forthcoming polls on March 4:


- December 27 2007: Kenyans turn out en masse to vote in an unprecedentedly close presidential election, between incumbent president Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga.

- December 29: Kibaki and Odinga are neck-and-neck as a delayed count leads to accusations of vote-rigging and widespread rioting.

- December 30: Kibaki is announced the winner and is sworn in for a second term. Furious opposition supporters go on the rampage.


- January 26: Former UN chief Kofi Annan, mediating on behalf of the African Union, says he has witnessed "gross and systematic human rights abuses" on a visit to western Kenya.

- February 28: The rival leaders sign a power-sharing deal, which creates the post of prime minister and two deputy prime ministers, in a bid to break the political deadlock created by the elections that triggered unrest, killing more than 1 100 people and displacing 600 000 others.

- April 13: Odinga is named prime minister. On the 17th, the new government is sworn in.

- April 24: The rival leaders urge ethnic reconciliation during a joint tour of areas worst affected by the violence, notably the northwestern Rift Valley.


- March 31: The International Criminal Court (ICC) says prosecutors will probe crimes against humanity allegedly committed during the violence.

- August 27: Kibaki signs into law a new constitution, overwhelmingly approved in a national referendum on August 4, aimed at making the country's institutions more democratic.


- Mid-October: Kenyan troops enter Somalia to attack rebels they accuse of being behind several recent kidnappings of foreigners on Kenyan soil. Afterwards, several attacks take place in Kenya.


- January 23: Leading politicians - presidential hopeful Uhuru Kenyatta and running mate William Ruto - are among four officials the ICC rules should face trial over the post-election violence.


- February 11: Kenya's eight presidential candidates hold the country's first ever face-to-face debate as tensions mount ahead of the March 4 election.