Kerry drums up support to fight jihadists

2014-09-13 20:20
John Kerry. (Jacquelyn Martin, AP)

John Kerry. (Jacquelyn Martin, AP)

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Cairo - US Secretary of State John Kerry said on Saturday Egypt was on the frontline against "terrorism" after meeting its leadership to garner support to fight jihadists in Iraq and Syria.

Egypt's formidable army is unlikely to take part in a military coalition against the Islamic State (ISIS) jihadists, but it has closely cooperated with the United States on counter-terrorism.

The Arab world's most populous state boasts the prestigious Sunni Muslim authority Al-Azhar which Kerry said would fight back against the Islamic State's use of the religion.

Washington says it is "at war" with ISIS and has named John Allen, a hawkish former commander in Afghanistan and Iraq, to coordinate its campaign against the movement that has seized large chunks of Iraq and neighbouring Syria.

Kerry, who flew in from Ankara, held talks with President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi after meeting Arab League chief Nabil al-Arabi.

Cairo's involvement in the coalition may help to soothe its relations with Washington, after the United States suspended - then restored - military aid when the army ousted elected Islamist president Mohammed Morsi in July 2013.

Morsi's successor, the former army chief Sisi, is fighting Islamist militants in the restive Sinai Peninsula who have expressed support for the Islamic State.

"Egypt is on the frontline of the fight against terrorism, particularly when it comes to fighting extremist groups in Sinai," Kerry told a news conference with Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukri.

Seeking Egypt's approval

After securing the backing of 10 Arab governments this week, Washington is seeking a stamp of approval for its campaign from Egypt and its religious institutions, which include Al-Azhar university.

"As an intellectual and cultural capital in the Muslim world, Egypt has a critical role to play in publicly denouncing the ideology that ISIL disseminates," Kerry said, using another acronym by which ISIS is known.

Kerry said he also had a "frank" discussion on human rights concerns in Egypt amid a bloody crackdown on the government's opponents, and the jailing of three Al-Jazeera television journalists and secular dissidents.

Despite Washington saying it is "at war" with ISIS, Kerry has been reluctant to use the term, speaking instead of a "major counter-terrorism operation".

On Friday, French President Francois Hollande travelled to Baghdad for talks ahead of an international conference on Iraq in Paris on Monday.

Kerry was in neighbouring Turkey to address the threat posed by the jihadists, who seized much of the Sunni Arab heartland north and west of Baghdad in June.

In Ankara, Kerry spoke of "a broad-based coalition with Arab nations, European nations, the United States and others".

Turkey is a fellow Nato member but has so far refused to open its air bases to US forces and other members of the coalition.

A Turkish official told AFP that Ankara's hands were tied by concern for 49 Turks, including diplomats and their children, kidnapped when ISIS seized Iraq's second city Mosul in June.

Spate of atrocities

In Jeddah on Thursday, Kerry gained the support of 10 Arab nations for the push to weaken ISIS, whose appeal has drawn volunteers from around the world.

But Washington has insisted it will not work with President Bashar Assad of Syria, where three and a half years of conflict has allowed the emergence of ISIS, the most violent and powerful group in modern jihad.

It has carried out a spate of atrocities in areas it controls, including attacks on ethnic and religious minorities, and beheadings of American journalists and enemy soldiers, many of which it has recorded and posted online.

Under mounting criticism for not taking swifter action, US President Barack Obama set out a strategy on Wednesday to stamp out the group, including air strikes in Syria and expanded operations in Iraq.

The CIA put the number of ISIS fighters at 20 000 to 31 500 in Iraq and Syria, up to three times the previous estimate.

US aircraft have carried out more than 150 strikes in Iraq since early August, the latest on Friday in the area of the country's largest dam, north of Mosul, in which two ISIS vehicles were destroyed.

Washington plans to help revamp the Iraqi army, which withered under the ISIS-led onslaught in June, and has announced it will fly combat missions from an airbase in the Kurdish regional capital Arbil.

Three years after the end of the nearly nine-year US military presence in Iraq, which some observers say nurtured what is now ISIS, Obama has also been careful to stress to the war-weary American public that he will not commit ground forces.

Read more on:    isis  |  john kerry  |  egypt  |  north africa

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