Libya grants immunity to 'revolutionaries'

2012-05-03 15:22

Tripoli - Libyan authorities granted immunity to former rebels who fought to oust Muammar Gaddafi’s regime and has criminalised any glorification of the former leader, in laws passed on Thursday.

"There is no punishment for acts made necessary by the February 17 revolution," read the law published on the National Transitional Council's website.

The immunity covers "military, security or civilian acts undertaken by revolutionaries with the aim of ensuring the revolution's success and its goal", the NTC added.

February 17 marks the start of a popular uprising which led to the collapse of Gaddafi’s regime last year.

It was unclear if the law includes acts committed after 23 October, when the NTC declared Libya's liberation following the capture and killing of strongman Gaddafi.

Rights groups say war crimes were committed by both sides during the 2011 conflict and warn of torture in detention centres run by militias made up of former rebels.

In further legislation to govern the country's transition, the NTC criminalised the glorification of Gaddafi or his regime.

"Praising or glorifying Muammar Gaddafi, his regime, his ideas or his sons... is punishable by a prison sentence," said the text of the law read out to reporters by a judicial official after a high-level meeting.

Tough legislation

"If those news reports, rumours or propaganda cause any damage to the state, the penalty will be life in prison," the official quoted the text as saying.

"In conditions of war, there is a prison sentence for any person who spreads information and rumours which disrupt military preparations for the defence of the country, spread terror or weaken the citizens' morale," he added.

According to the law, Libya is still in a state of war following the 2011 bloody conflict that pitted Gaddafi loyalists against Nato-backed rebel forces.

A third law for the transition stipulates prison sentences for anyone who "attacks the February 17 revolution, denigrates Islam, the authority of the state or its institutions".

And another law confiscates all property and funds belonging to figures of the former regime, including Gaddafi’s relatives, placing them under the care of the judiciary.

The tough legislation comes just weeks before elections for a constituent assembly which the NTC has pledged to hold in June.

  • nibishaka - 2012-05-03 15:30

    Yeah, the the culture of impunity is restored. What is the difference between the NTC and Ghadaffi regime?

      AnthonyfromAfrica - 2012-05-03 16:26

      Nibishaka, The difference being; The NTC is an interim government, trying to get Libya ready for democratic elections. On the other hand, the gaddafies illigitimate regime was in power for 41 years, and would have been in power for another 100 years, had it not been for thousands of brave opposition members, who went onto the streets of Benghazi, unarmed, in February 2011, to demand an end to this tyranny! It is a good move from the NTC, so that the soon to be elected government, can concentrate on the building up from scratch a new Libya, a country that this terrorist gaddafi destroyed !!!

      AnthonyfromAfrica - 2012-05-03 19:34

      Patrick, Cared for "his" people ???????????? What the heck are you talking about???? For many years, TENS OF THOUSANDS of Libyans arrested, beaten up, imprissoned, tortured and murdered, by this EVIL BUNCH OF gaddafi TERORISTS. What a great relieve it must be, for the Libyans, that they don't have to listen to your non stop CRAP, about this gaddafi THUG !!!!

  • nibishaka - 2012-05-03 17:52

    Anthony, I do not dispute the fact that the NTC is trying to get Libya work, but if you understand the doctrine of war as well as the post conflict reconstruction processes, all who committed heinous acts, acts against humanity should be brought to book irrespective of which camp they belong to. The NTC is implying that any crime whatsoever that might have committed during the revolution is justified even if it was directed against innocent civilians. I wonder whose revolution was that. What is the essence of the revolution? To remove a dictatorship or illegitimate regime while you imitate what the regime has been doing? At least the NTC should have been busy trying to prove that they are different from Gadhafi and his inner cycle; not applying a justice of the winner, torture and murder. The rule of role must prevail and always remember as Ghandi puts it “the most strength of Cowardice is in using power to get harm and destruction for others”

      AnthonyfromAfrica - 2012-05-03 19:27

      Nibishaka, It is always an extreme difficult decision to make, when there is a change from a brutal dictatorship to an elected government,what to do with the perpetrators of hinious crimes, during this transformation. What does one do ? Arrest every single soldier, who listened to the orders of an illigitimate regime, headed by a bunch of terrorists. Orders to MURDER their own citizens !!!!! Or give an (almosy) total amnesty, and get on with start to built a free and decent soceity. But, maybe it would have been better, for the soon to be elected government, to have made this decision, as the NTC has no mandate from the people !

  • Dylan Dario Sciarappa - 2012-05-03 20:40

    Haha Anthony. Watch this space. Let's see these elections take place

      AnthonyfromAfrica - 2012-05-03 21:29

      Dylan, some abuse their freedom, to deny others same !!!!!

  • nibishaka - 2012-05-03 20:43

    Anthony, at least you admit that the NTC is not an elected Government. During the transformation from conflict to the normality, transitional Justice is also an ingredient to the restoration of order. There will be no reconciliation without justice. The total amnesty you are talking about is now granted to the NTC fighters as if those they killed were all Ghadafi loyalists. Get the first hand information; I went to Bengazi and Tripoli and know the facts there and of course during the war always civilians are victims; but there are some rules of engagements and those NTC soldiers who killed innocent civilians deliberately are no less of difference to Ghadafi or other notorious genocidaires. Every Human being has blood not water.

      AnthonyfromAfrica - 2012-05-03 21:25

      Nibishaka, WHO HAS BEEN TO BENGHAZI AND TRIPOLI !! Off course the NTC is not an elected gevernment, who said so ??? It is an "interim" government !! Yes, one can charge certain opposition members for autrocties committed during this civil war. But than one has to arrest EVERY SINGLE member of the Libyan army, for taking orders from a TERRORIST and his violent and evil sons , who treated Libya as if it was their family concern.!!! It is better this way. Get this nightmare of 41 years of tyranny behind and look at the future. But it is good you went to Tripoli now, as in a few months time, it would be difficult to find a hotel room. The manager of the 5 star Radison HOTEL in Tripoli, said this afternoon in an interview that there are now bookings coming in from all over the world, mainly from foreign buisness people. And by the way, you don't have to visit the moon, to know that there are no Chinese living there !!!

  • nibishaka - 2012-05-04 09:35

    Anthony, you seem to hold on your points even if you reckon some discreptencies in the content. Probably you are on of the allies who supported this NTC; with good or bad intenstions. The level of civilian security is not measured by the looding of foreign visitors and overcrowding hotels. U might remove a tyranny today and instaure another one in other form. Of course Ghadafi is gone, but watch out Libya in years to come. You will be happy of course because the NTC is your preferred choice; however Libyan people will know for sure that something went wrong.

      AnthonyfromAfrica - 2012-05-04 10:41

      Nibishaka, Sorry, but you talk nonsense. The NTC is no political party. It is made up of opposition members ( to the gaddafi regime ) of very different political persuasions, plus a number of high ranking politicians from the inner circle of the gaddafi illegitimate regime, ministers, ambassadors etc, who deserted gaddafi in the early days of the civil war. And it has high ranking military, who refused to take orders from these gaddafi thugs, to slaughter their own people. The NTC had as main purpose, the overthrow of this terrorist gaddafi !! When this was achieved, it stayed on, to form an interim government of national unity. After the forthcoming elections the NTC will disband and an elected government will take its place !!!!!! I just mentioned , the Radison Hotel, to illustrate, that when there are still some here on this site, that ctry about that gaddafi, the Libyans themselves are moving on. gaddafi is a bad memory for them; a prostitute and an evil Bastard !!!!

  • nibishaka - 2012-05-04 11:13

    well, you must always remeber that someone's dictator is someone lese's hero. Talking of dictors, evils , tyranns, I trust you know many of them on African continent. Yet we haven't seen many of Libyan situation. It tells a lot to the course of African Politics and Western ingerence in our internal affairs. Libyans are moving in your sense, not in my sense sorry.

      AnthonyfromAfrica - 2012-05-05 07:36

      Patrick, Although I hardly ever agreed with you,I used to read your posts for a different point of view, But of late, your comments are plain silly, actually childish. But, if you are having fun, go for it !!

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