Libya since Gaddafi: a timeline

2012-07-04 13:26

Tripoli - Key events in Libya since the killing of former dictator Muammar Gaddafi:

October 2011

- 20 October: Gaddafi is captured and killed while trying to flee Sirte, his hometown and the last major city to fall to Western-backed rebels who had risen up against his regime nine months earlier.

- 23 October: The National Transitional Council (NTC) announces Libya's "total liberation" and says more than 30 000 were killed in the conflict.

- 31 October: Nato announces the end of its military role.

- 19 November: Saif al-Islam, Gaddafi’s most prominent son, is captured by militiamen in the south and detained in Zintan.

- 12-13 December: Hundreds protest against the NTC in Benghazi, cradle of the revolt.


- 26 January: Rights groups say former rebels have been torturing, and sometimes killing, Gaddafi loyalists.

-28 January: The NTC adopts an electoral law and announces a June 2012 vote for a constituent assembly.

- 6 March: Tribal and political leaders in Benghazi declare their oil-rich region of Cyrenaica autonomous, raising fears the country may break up.

- 17 March: Abdullah al-Senussi, Gaddafi’s former spymaster who is wanted by the International Criminal Court, is arrested in Mauritania.

- 26-27 March: At least 30 people are killed in two days of tribal clashes in the southern oasis of Sabha.

- 28 March: Libya says oil output has recovered since the uprising, reaching 1.45 million barrels per day. Before the revolt, production was about 1.6 million bpd.

- 8 May: Ex-rebels invade central government buildings, and are violently expelled. Among their demands is the payment of promised stipends.

- 4 June: A militia group briefly takes control of Tripoli airport.

- 7 June: An International Criminal Court team in Zintan to assist Saif al-Islam with his legal defence is prevented from leaving by militias. The team is accused by authorities of threatening national security and detained.

- 9 June: Elections pushed back to 7 July for technical and logistical reasons.

- 11 June: A rocket is fired at a British diplomatic convoy in Benghazi. Earlier such attacks have targeted the US embassy, the Red Cross and a UN convoy.

- 11-20 June: At least 105 die in tribal fighting in the Nafusa mountains.

- 24 June: Tunisia extradites Gaddafi's ex-premier Baghdadi al-Mahmudi to Libya despite protests from rights groups who say he risks being executed.

- 27-30 June: Nearly 50 die in tribal clashes in Kufra. In February, violence in the south-eastern desert town kills more than 100.

- 1 July: With the elections only days away, demonstrators sack the electoral commission offices in Benghazi in a protest over the electoral code.

-3 July: The legal team detained on 7 June is freed by the militia in Zintan and flies back to The Hague, where the ICC is based.