Key dates in Ghana

2016-12-07 08:23
(File : AP)

(File : AP)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Accra - Ghana holds a presidential election on Wednesday. Here are key dates since independence:

 Breaking free 

On March 6, 1957 Ghana wins its independence from Britain under nationalist leader Kwame Nkrumah. Ghana is the first sub-Saharan African country to break free of its European coloniser, and becomes a model for the post-colonial world.

In 1960, Ghana becomes a republic with Nkrumah as president. He promotes 'African socialism', but becomes increasingly autocratic. Plotters try to assassinate him several times between 1961 and 1964.

Coups alternate with elections 

In 1966, Nkrumah is overthrown and a military regime takes over.

More coups follow.

On June 4, 1979, Captain Jerry Rawlings topples the regime of General Frederick Akuffo. Rawlings sets up an "Armed Forces Revolutionary Council" and launches an anti-corruption "house-cleaning exercise".

Later that year, Rawlings organises democratic elections, which are won by Hilla Limann.

In 1981, Rawlings accuses Limann's government of mismanagement and takes over with another coup.

He holds fresh elections in 1992, and wins. Rawlings is re-elected in 1996 following unrest in February 1994 that leaves more than 1 000 people dead in northern Ghana.

Opposition leader John Kufuor of the New Patriotic Party (NPP) is elected president in 2000, and is succeeded in 2008 by a Rawlings ally, John Atta Mills of the National Democratic Congress (NDC).

Mills dies in July 2012, and is replaced by vice-president John Dramani Mahama.

In the meantime, US President Barack Obama, whose father was an African from Kenya, chooses Ghana for his first official visit to sub-Saharan Africa in July 2009.

Oil, corruption 

Ghana starts pumping crude oil in December 2010 from an offshore field discovered three years earlier.

After Mahama wins a disputed presidential vote in December 2012 he drafts a code of ethics for ministers and civil servants.

Twenty judges are fired for corruption in late 2015 after they are filmed with justice ministry personnel accepting bribes in exchange for favourable rulings and jobs.

A dozen other judges are placed under investigation.

Mahama himself is then accused of receiving a car from a contractor in Burkina Faso who was bidding on a construction contract.

He is cleared in late September 2016 and immediately announces his candidacy for the December 7 vote.

Meanwhile, Ghana struggles with poor economic activity, the public deficit and inflation soar, and the country's sovereign ratings is downgraded.

Join the conversation! encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.

Inside News24


Man scores date with tennis superstar after Twitter bet

It’s a modern day Cinderella story, but one American man took ‘shoot your shot’ seriously in 2017.


You won't want to miss...

Who are the highest paid models of 2017?
10 gorgeous plus-sized models who aren't Ashley Graham
5 top leg exercises for men
10 best dressed men of 2017
Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.