A third of SA’s population will be under 18 in 2015

2014-08-12 15:59

Over one third of South Africa’s population is expected to be under the age of 18 in 2015, according to a United Nations Children’s Fund report.

According to Unicef’s Generation 2030 Africa report, next year 18 million out of South Africa’s projected population of 53 million people would be under 18 years old.

The projected population for the country was 5% of Africa’s total population. South Africa’s “below-18” population comprised 3% of Africa’s population within the same demographic.

Five million South African citizens would be under the age of five (3% of Africa) and 10 million would be adolescents (4% of Africa).

In 2050, South Africa’s projected population of 63 million would equal 3% of Africa’s, and its below-18 representation drops to below 3%.

Nigeria looms large. Next year sees the country have 16% of Africa’s population and its below-18 population is 17% of the same demographic across the continent.

In 2050, Nigeria would make up 18% of Africa’s total population as its expected population in 2015 of 184 million was expected to more than double to 440 million.

This growth is mirrored in expectations regarding Nigeria’s under-18 population, where it would comprise 21% of the continent’s total under-18 population.

Regarding fertility rates, next year South Africa was expected to have a fertility rate of 2.3 children per woman, one of the lowest on the continent, and below Africa’s expected average of three children per woman.

In terms of contraception, more than 60% of South Africa’s married or “in-union” women between the ages of 15 and 49 were expected to use contraception, among the top five highest rates of use in Africa. Less than 15% of these women wanted to stop or delay having children, but were not using a method of contraception.

Next year, South Africa’s old-age dependency ratio was expected to be nine people per 100 persons of working age, being between 15 and 64 years old, the sixth highest on the continent

South Africa was also expected to have 65% of its population living in urban areas next year, the ninth highest level in Africa.

According to the report, in 2050 about 41% of all births would take place in Africa, and in the same year 25 people out of every 100 would be African.

This was against the expected figures in 2015, when Africans would make up 16 people out of every 100 around the world.

In 2015, 40% of Africa’s population was expected to be living in cities, versus more than 50% in 2050.

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