New scheme brings light and hope to Sierra Leone

2009-09-26 13:22

IT has not yet reached Ali Lamie’s small store which flashes with many colours as he charges cellphones by the rack. But after more than 30 years, the Bumbuna hydro-electric dam is bringing power and economic hope to Sierra Leone.

Key sections of the capital, Freetown, were lit up this month when President Ernest Bai Koroma switched on the final test of the project at the Kingtom power station, named after the local king who let freed black slaves settle in the area in 1787.

Coming in the same month as a large oil find off the coast of this impoverished West African country, and amid rising investor interest in its potentially huge iron ore deposits, the dam’s power will be material.

“This is a huge saving for the country because they don’t have to import fuel any more and it will mean the economy and industry can expand,” said Engilbert Gudmundsson of the World Bank, a backer of the dam, which has cost more than $200?million (about R1?481?million).

“This will save the country $2 million a month just on fuel. It’s going to make a significant difference,” he said.

Sierra Leone’s currency reserves stood at about $209 million last year. Today much of the country, ranked the world’s least developed by the United Nations, still runs on diesel-guzzling private generators. The cost of power remains a stumbling block to attracting business scared off by the 1991-2002 civil war.

At the dam’s launch, Koroma, who was elected in 2007 and vowed to provide power when his All People’s Congress (APC) party took charge, warned that anyone found stealing electricity would face “the full penalty of the law”.

The project, which is funded by the World Bank and others, including the African Development Bank and Italy, was first conceived in the 1970s but delayed by the civil war, which engendered widespread looting of power transmission lines. Work on the dam was also dogged by the graft that put Sierra Leone in 158th spot out of 180 in watchdog Transparency International’s 2008 Corruption Perceptions Index.

“We are still waiting for this Bumbuna light to reach us,” said Lamie in the store just outside Freetown, where he was charging more than 40 cellphones from a single generator for 500 Leones (15 US cents) a time.

The dam’s launch capped a flurry of economic action for Sierra Leone, whose government has vowed to use resource windfalls to fight poverty and prevent them becoming a factor of instability like “blood diamonds”, which helped fund the war.
A consortium led by US-listed Anadarko Petroleum Corporation has ­announced an oil find called Venus off the coast of Sierra Leone that analysts said could open up a multibillion-barrel oil frontier.

“I would expect other companies to be taking huge interest in this,” energy analyst Thomas Pearmain at IHS Global Insight said earlier this month. “This is an area that could have multibillion-barrel potential.”

And London-listed African Minerals said it was in talks with Kazakh miner ENRC and several large Asian industrial firms that are considering a takeover, or funding, of its Tonkolili iron ore mine.

African Minerals says Tonkolili is the third largest resource of its kind, containing an estimated 5.1 billion tons of iron ore with the potential to increase to 10 billion tons.

Such unaccustomed economic interest in Sierra Leone suggests real progress for a country where levels of investment as a percentage of GDP remain far below the sub-Saharan African average of 25%, according to the United Nations.

“The new government is dealing with long-term problems like energy and transport,” said British High Commissioner Ian Hughes, whose country gives £50 million (about R591?million) a year in aid to its former colony.

“They’ve turned Bumbuna on; it appears health figures are improving; there has been a significant discovery of iron ore; and a new door is opening up with oil and real successes on the anti-narcotics front – all positive things,” he said.

Sierra Leone will be aiming to win more support at a two-day investment and donor conference in London in November.
For the dam, as for the country, there is still some way to go. This month’s launch marked the final phase of testing, which is currently providing power to buildings such as Sierra Leone’s main hospital, prison, state television station and government departments.

Initially generating about 20 megawatts – a fraction of the 350-600MW generated by a nuclear power station, but much more than a wind turbine’s 3-5MW – the station’s full 50MW is due to flow next month.

China said in May it would build two more dams over three years in the northern city of Makeni, Koroma’s home base, and Port Loko, 120km from the capital, Freetown.

But transmission lines are yet to be reinstalled across the country, and just across the banks of the Sierra Leone River that divides Freetown from the mainland, residents like Lamie will have to wait to feel its ­benefits. – Reuters

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