John Kane-Berman made a perceptive observation recently that as a result of the Polokwane Conference, the African National Congress as a political party is in effect attempting to elevate itself above the state and the government, which is thereby rendered subservient to the dictates of this party. These cadre deployees have in the past, inter alia, involved all its members of Parliament. The true significance of Polokwane is that now the president of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, who is no longer the president of the ANC, is deemed to be a mere deployed cadre of the ANC and is obliged to do the bidding of the NEC. This also applies to members of his Cabinet and deputy ministers. If this is indeed the position, then as far as realpolitik is concerned, there has been a seismic shift of political power from the president and his cabinet, designated as the executive authority in South Africa, to the NEC, headed by the president of the ANC.