The world leaders known as the Group of Eight (G8), meeting in Japan this week, went against the advice of their African colleagues by rejecting the legitimacy of Robert Mugabe’s government in Zimbabwe and indicating that pressures for change were necessary. Remarkably, Russia joined in this declaration despite previous resistance to such a course. Mbeki has done his best as a mediator, backed by years of behind-the-scenes diplomacy rather than outright criticism. The time has come for him to acknowledge that his efforts have failed to achieve positive results. Instead, Mugabe has taken advantage of them to entrench himself in power.