Unexpected electricity outages because of poor infrastructure or inadequate municipal maintenance are now being supplemented by regular load-shedding programmed by Eskom itself as the only way of coping with the yawning gap between supply and demand. The sober reality is that this is to continue, in the country as a whole, for at least another six years, for only then will Eskom have been able to complete sufficient new power stations to handle the increased demand. State institutions, such as hospitals, are in a similar position and only the most essential services can be covered. What happens to the educational system when generators cannot be afforded by schools? Traffic snarl-ups become routine occurrences, especially at intersections, when traffic lights are not working.