Scary, thrilling and lekker

2009-03-11 00:00

CRIME is South Africa’s hottest topic, cutting across groups and classes. It crops up at dinner parties, in taxis and in newspaper letter columns. You might think that would be enough, but it seems we still want to read about it — the country has a growing stable of writers whose books, whether thrillers or crime fiction, sell.

On Monday, the first morning of the Time of the Writer Festival in Durban, I tracked down three people who are finding that crime does pay, if only in terms of royalties from their publishers — Angela Makholwa, author of Red Ink, Mike Nicol (Payback) and Margie Orford (Like Clockwork and Blood Rose). My first question to them all was: why do South Africans want to read about crime?

“If it’s written as fiction, it distances it a bit from people’s fears,” says Makholwa. “For some reason people find it fascinating to read about serial killers. They love it, and they love the fact that it scares the wits out of them.”

Nicol and Orford see it slightly differently. Both say that crime fiction is fantasy. “For the most part, things end well, and the baddies go to jail,” Nicol says, although he does admit that local crime fiction is often more ambiguous and open ended, perhaps a reflection of the society we live in. For Orford, whose third novel about investigator Dr Clare Hart is due out this year, it is first and foremost a way of showing contemporary South African society. “When I came back here in 2001 from Namibia, I was overwhelmed by the sense of violence and fear here, and I wanted to write about how South Africa is in the present. Crime writing parachutes you right into that.”

The novels the three write are very different, but all fall into the crime genre, although the line between crime fiction and thrillers is increasingly blurred. As Nicol points out, South African retailer CNA refuses to have shelves labelled “Crime”, presumably because they are concerned that it will put people off. So they display the books as “Thrillers”. But call them what you will, they are attracting a growing readership.

Makholwa wrote Red Ink as a way of making sense of an experience she had by turning it into fiction. “Doing that liberated me,” she says. “I could explore it voyeuristically, bringing in fear, suspense and humour.” This is not trivialising or glamourising crime, although killers like the idea of being the subject of books and films, and copycat killings have happened. “That’s something to think about as a writer,” she says.

In the years immediately after 1994, South African writing was heavily “literary”, and locally produced popular, or mass market, fiction was a rarity. But good crime writing is good writing.

“I have a literary background,” says Orford. “I can ‘litter’ as well as anyone. And I am finding that the more I write, the more nuanced I can make my work. We live in an ambiguous society — we have the nicest people here, unless they are trying to kill you. There’s not much in between. I’m interested in violence and its effects, and in the resilience of people. But you don’t want to belabour readers. You have to tell a story. South African readers think South African books are going to klap them, and we have to get away from that.”

Makholwa admits that in a country where literary writing has been at the forefront, she was concerned about how Red Ink would be received. “I thought it might be dismal,” she says. “But mass market fiction is very important; it’s how people get into reading.” And she has had a great response from across the spectrum — from high school children, black men and white women. Invited to speak at a book club in Soweto, she found herself with fans who had taken her book to heart, and were eager to give her an in-depth analysis.

Nicol admits that for many years after he went to university he was a snob. “If it wasn’t high literature, I wasn’t reading it. It was only 10 years ago that I went back to crime, and there is a whole lot of stuff that is really good — good writing, good characters, good dialogue and social commentary. There’s everything we want in a book and you can read it on the beach, and leave it in the sand if you want.” He agrees that post 1994, there was a perception that South African writers were wagging their fingers at readers. “The crime genre doesn’t do that.” And increasingly, it offers humour as well as a good scare.

Those wagging fingers and klaps have made some readers reluctant to go local. Also, Nicol feels publishers must try harder to make their authors into celebrities. “They’ve got to make writers entertaining and attractive, make them sexy. Already the book launch is changing. You used to get a lecture — and all you could do was try to get as pissed as possible before it started. Now authors know they have to sing for their supper — they have to get a couple of laughs, and then people will think: ‘Great, funny guy. Let’s buy the book’.”

If you enjoy crime writing and thrillers, for your next beach or fireside read try something local. The settings are familiar which adds to the fun and there are some excellent reads out there. Check local crime writing out at the blog Nicol runs — — and catch local writers this week in Durban at The Time of the Writer Festival. For the full programme, visit

Angela Makholwa

Angela Makholwa’s first novel, published last year, is Red Ink, in which feisty former journalist Lucy Khambule receives a call from a serial killer, nicknamed the Butcher, who is in C-Max prison. He wants her to tell his life story. But then people close to her find themselves victims of brutal attacks. Could there be a link, even though the killer is in jail? Red Ink is a sassy, sharp novel with a genuinely scary and unsettling climax.

Mike Nicol

Payback is Mike Nicol’s second venture into crime territory — his first, Out to Score, was co-written with Joanne Hichens. In Payback the two main characters have put their shady, gunrunning past behind them to become security consultants to Cape Town’s rich and famous visitors. But the past has a nasty habit of catching up with people — and if those people have settled down with wives and families, they are more vulnerable than they might like to be. The good guys may be flawed, but the really bad guys are worse.

Nicol is the founder of the blog Crime Beat ( where news and discussions about South African crime writing are posted, and which is becoming an increasingly popular forum for writers and fans of the genre.

Margie Orford

Margie Orford introduced Dr Clare Hart, documentary maker and police profiler in Like Clockwork. She has planned a series of seven novels featuring the Cape Town-based character, with the third — which brings Hart back to Cape Town after the Namibian setting of Blood Rose — due out later this year. She is one of the South African crime writers who has broken successfully into the tough overseas publishing market.


Join the conversation! encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions. publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.