The South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey

By Faeza
01 December 2015

The South African National HIV Prevalence, Incidence and Behaviour Survey, 2012 by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) found that:

• New HIV infections among young South Africans (15 to 24 years old) have continued to decrease. The change is particularly driven by young women;

• In the teenage population, the estimated HIV prevalence among females was eight times that of their male counterparts, suggesting that female teenagers aged 15–19 years are more likely than their male counterparts to have sex, not with their peers, but with older sex partners;

• The majority of respondents (65.5%) indicated that they had been tested for HIV at some point. As expected, a significantly higher percentages of females (71.5%) and adults aged 25–49 years (78.2%) than their respective counterparts had been tested;

• The percentage of people who tested for HIV in the 12 months preceding the survey in 2012 had increased compared to 2008;

• Although South Africa had very low rates of testing in 2008, it is now showing some progress on this indicator: 37.5% among males and 52.6% among females;

• A significantly higher percentage of adults aged 25–49 years (78.2%) had tested, than had youth aged 15–24 years (50.6%).