The calls for more stringent firearm legislation has stimulated considerable debate surrounding the notion of a crime free South Africa is a gun free South Africa. The government, by assenting to the legislation, has clearly put in place a vital step to its stated goal of total civilian disarmament. Despite governments many attempts to allay the fears of citizens by claiming that this is not the intention. It has also correctly admitted that such legislation will have no impact on criminals because it is not possible to make laws for criminals. This while the ANC is still in illegal possession of all its more than 60 tons estimated of war arms, ammunition and explosives caches which the ANC refuses to hand over for undisclosed reasons. All arguments lead to an acknowledgement that stricter gun laws are irrelevant to the combat of crime and are at best a planned diversion by government to draw attention away from a dismal failure to combat crime. Other measures need to be taken to reduce the high level of violent crime in South Africa. Anti-crime policy and legislation needs to be accompanied by a marked improvement in the police and criminal justice system. A more holistic approach that includes the root cause of crime rather than the simplistic excuse of guns, needs to be adopted in order to change the whole culture of crime and violence in South Africa.