One fundamental premise in social debates has been that homosexuality is unnatural. This premise is wrong. Homosexuality is both common and highly essential in the lives of a number of species. Many people that have homophobic sentiments will tell you that homosexuality is uncommon and an unnatural phenomenon that can only be found in perverted human and not the creation of God. This is an archaic, baseless and unfounded view as there are plenty of “NATURAL” examples to show that homosexuality is natural occurring not only in humans but also in plants and animals. As we all know God does not make any mistakes, surely if homosexuality was against His will he was NEVER going to allow such indiscretion to occur in His natural kingdom. Animal and plant science will prove that same-sex relations are natural pivotal to the survival of the animal kingdom. HOMOSEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG ANIMALS: UNNATURAL OR NATURAL? For same-sex relations to be unnatural, they could not occur outside of humanity, and would not occur in the animal kingdom. But animal science proves that homosexual activity is prevalent in the animal kingdom. According to University of Oslo zoologist Petter Böckman, about 1,500 animal species are known to practice same-sex coupling, including bears, gorillas, flamingos, owls, salmon and many others. Male big horn sheep live in what are often called "homosexual societies." They bond through genital licking and anal intercourse, which often ends in ejaculation. If a male sheep chooses to not have gay sex, it becomes a social outcast. Ironically, scientists call such straight-laced males "effeminate." Giraffes have all-male orgies. So do bottlenose dolphins, killer whales, gray whales, and West Indian manatees. Japanese macaques, on the other hand, are ardent lesbians; the females enthusiastically mount each other. Bonobos, one of our closest primate relatives, are similar, except that their lesbian sexual encounters occur every two hours. Male bonobos engage in "penis fencing," which leads, surprisingly enough, to ejaculation. They also give each other genital massages. As this list of activities suggests, having homosexual sex is the biological equivalent of apple pie: Everybody likes it. You name it, there’s a vertebrate out there that does it. This whole idea or argument that same-sex relations are unnatural is grossly untrue as biological science of “natural” animals clearly shows this. “Among the apes it is the females that create the continuity within the group. The social network is maintained not only by sharing food and the child rearing, but also by having sex. Among many of the female apes the sex organs swell up. So they rub their abdomens against each other," explains Petter Bockman and points out that animals have sex because they have the desire to, just like we humans. Joan Roughgarden, a professor of biology at Stanford University who has done extensive research on homosexual behaviour in the animal kingdom explains that gayness is a necessary side effect of getting along. Homosexuality evolved in tandem with vertebrate societies, in which a motley group of individuals has to either live together or die alone. In fact, Roughgarden even argues that homosexuality is a defining feature of advanced animal communities, which require communal bonds in order to function. “The more complex and sophisticated a social system is,” she writes, “the more likely it is to have homosexuality intermixed with heterosexuality.” Roy and Silo, two male chinstrap penguins at New York's Central Park Zoo, were a couple for about six years, during which they nurtured a fertilized egg together (given to them by a zookeeper) and raised the young chick that hatched. Furthermore a pair of "gay" penguins recently hatched an egg at a German Zoo after being given the egg that had been rejected by its biological parents by keepers. Lions are also homosexual. Male lions often band together with their brothers to lead the pride. To ensure loyalty, they strengthen the bonds by often having sex with each other. The most well-known homosexual animal is the dwarf chimpanzee, one of humanity's closes relatives. The entire species is bisexual. Sex plays a conspicuous role in all their activities and takes the focus away from violence, which is the most typical method of solving conflicts among primates and many other animals. HOMOSEXUAL BEHAVIOUR AMONG PLANTS: UNNATURAL OR NATURAL? Bisexual or perfect flowers have both male (androecium) and female (gynoecium) reproductive structures, including stamens, carpels, and an ovary. Flowers that contain both androecium and gynoecium are called androgynous or hermaphroditic. Examples of plants with perfect or bisexual flowers include the lily, rose, and most plants with large showy flowers, though a perfect flower does not have to have petals or sepals. Other terms widely used are hermaphrodite, monoclinous, and synoecious. A good pick would be a description of the numerous ways in which plants arrange their sexual organs: from both sexes in the same flower to sexes separated in different flowers or individuals. One widespread sexual strategy that remains an evolutionary enigma is the production of both male and bisexual flowers in the same plant, which occurs in approximately 4000 species. Plants with male and bisexual flowers on the same plant are better mothers. Mario Vallejo-Marin and Mark Rausher, evolutionary biologists from Duke University, report that producing male flowers can make a plant a better mother. The authors showed this counter-intuitive benefit of a "male" strategy through a series of field experiments with horsenettle, a common weed. This whole idea or argument that same-sex relations are unnatural is grossly untrue as biological science of “natural” plants that are created by the Almighty God exhibit homosexual traits. In closing, anyone who still has archaic ideas about homosexuality being an unnatural and repulsive clearly demonstrates that you have no grasp of metaphysics, science and the Bible for that matter. Homosexuality is a social phenomenon and is most widespread among animals with a complex herd life. If homosexuality is natural in the animal and plant kingdom, then there is the question of why evolution hasn't eliminated this trait from the gene pool, since it doesn’t lead to reproduction. One thing that does seem to be exclusive to humans is homophobia. The funny thing is that people say homosexuality is unnatural, that non-humans don't engage in homosexual behaviour, but that's not true. It seems clear that homosexuality is just as natural in humans as it is with other animals and plants. Same-sex behaviour is a nearly universal phenomenon in the animal kingdom, common across species. If homosexuality was unnatural why would God allow plants, animals and humans for the matter to engage in such indiscretion His natural kingdom?