Civil society groups that were outspoken against the Jacob Zuma-led government appear not surprised that they were spied on by the State Security Agency.
A damning high-level review panel report on the SSA revealed there was "active monitoring" of the organisations Right2Know, Save South Africa, Council for the Advancement of the South African Constitution (Casac), Green Peace and South Africa First.
"Obviously, we're concerned about the clear breach of legislative mandate by SSA but it is not surprising given we were confronting the Zuma-led government. We hope appropriate action will be taken against those responsible," said Casac executive director Lawson Naidoo.
Founder of Save South Africa Sipho Pityana was also not shocked.
"These revelations confirm what we always suspected, that instead of focusing on real threats to the nation's security, the former president's spies were trying to destabilise legal, law-abiding organisations which respected the Constitution, were totally legitimate and had South Africa's interests at heart," he said.
"Special Operations was essentially a rogue intelligence unit that was trying to prop up Zuma at a time when there was a growing societal and political realisation that he himself was the greatest threat to our sovereignty because of his nefarious relationships with the Gupta family and the state capture project."
Pityana said they were "conscious at the time of attempts to subvert our activities, whether it was physical attacks on our members, the intimidation of some of the campaign leaders, or attempts to subvert our gatherings," he said. "Now we know who was behind it."
He furthered urged for the law to take its course and for the urgent processing of the findings into criminal dockets "starting with Zuma and extending to all political and administrative leaders who are implicated in the panel's report".
"The Special Operations agents have been found by a Presidential panel to have committed illegal activities. They must be identified so that they can be pursued through the courts. They should not enjoy any privilege, protection or anonymity. We have a right to know who the spies are as well as their handlers," Pityana said.
Meanwhile, the Democratic Alliance (DA) has called for the "immediate suspension from public services of all those implicated".
"Criminal charges must also be laid with the SAPS to finally bring to book those who have looted the SSA for the nefarious ends of ex-president Jacob Zuma, the Gupta's and their corrupt cronies."