Visual Viticulture shares this interesting story that has surfaced following the drought crisis in the Western Cape which has seen the Threewaterskloof Dam drop to alarming level...
A tipoff from a good winemaking friend JD Rossouw made me jump in my bakkie, drive to the Theewaterskloof dam in Villiersdorp and search for ghost vines…
The tipoff was an image posted on drinksfeed.com, taken by Philippa Jones, of old vineyards that was submerged for decades, feeling the direct sunlight on them once again due to the receding water level of the dam, caused by the worst drought in 100 years.
So being an oldvine protector and hunter, I was compelled to go see for myself.
Dam levels in the Western Cape have dropped to extremely low levels, revealing weird and wonderful treasures.
I found out that these vines were once part of Zeekoekraal, a farm in Villiersdorp, before the dam size was increased.
It was an eerie feeling walking through these old forgotten vines. It was a feeling of neglect. It was a sad feeling. Maybe I’m just too much into viticulture, I don’t know, but I felt sorry for these vineyards. They drowned so that we could have water to live. They were sacrificed, and now – just for a short time – the sun shines upon them once more.
The vineyards and the circumstances around them was all a big mystery, until now…
I managed to track down the previous owner of this farm and vineyards. His name is Klaas Erasmus. He lives about 35 km from his previous farm and, together with his son-in-law, farms with grains in the Overberg region.
I went to visit him and his wife Lizette Erasmus on their farm called Waboomskloof early Friday morning. I was met with kindness and enthusiasm and Mr Erasmus was quite keen to share his story and fill in the grey areas for me. Thanks to Mrs Erasmus for the photos used in this post.
By 1974 the dam had reached the point where the second phase must start construction. According to Mr Erasmus this was a very traumatic time for the farmers in the proposed catchment areas, as their properties were expropriated the next year in 1975.
The foundations of their old house are still visible and will soon be covered by the water again
Their granddaughter standing on the concrete floor that was part of their home before 1979
He tells me his father, Piet Erasmus, planted the vineyards we saw emerging from the water during last week. The now visible vineyards were planted between 1940 – 1950. The last vineyards where planted in 1965.
He goes on to tell about the establishment of these vineyards. The soils are a lot like the soils of the Slanghoek valley – deep riverbeds, some places with a lot of clay. Given the fact that they were planted in an old riverbed, drainage had to be installed. He says back then they still used clay pipes during drainage installation. Water for the farm was acquired from the Elands river – coming from now well-known wine pocket Kaaimansgat. He can still remember the varieties and their rootstocks planted.
The farm had Chenin blanc (back then called “Steen” in Afrikaans) grafted on Richter99 rootstock (producing up to 35 tons per hectare); Cinsaut grafted on Jacquez; Clairette blanche grafted on 101-14 and planted Echalas style (“Stok-by-paaltjie” in Afrikaans); Muscat d’Alexandria (called “Hanepoot” in Afrikaans) and some Semillon (back then called “Groendruif” in Afrikaans)
The grapes use to go to Villiersdorp Cellars, and around 100 tonnes of Chenin blanc was delivered through the cellar to Nederburg Winery in Paarl, around the years 1960 to 1970.
He recalls that quite a few tons of Cinsaut grapes were taken by the Van Niekerks in Saron, to produce Kosher Wine to be sold in Johannesburg. He specifically remembers that the Cinsaut had to be picked very ripe – a detail few farmers would forget due to weight loss with very high sugars!
Most of the white grapes were farmed for mass production, especially the Semillon. The Semillon was destined for brandy production at the KWV, and quotas were still enforced rigorously back then. He laughs when he tells me that your grape quota at the KWV was of utmost importance in those days, as this ensured you have a quota of brandy that you get each year – a statement that I’ve heard quite often, and this was in many cases the saving grace of now old vineyards still in production.
The Hanepoot was used for Grape Must Jam (“moskonfyt” in Afrikaans) and grape concentrate, all produced at Villiersdorp cellar.
Lizette and Klaas looking at parts of their old homestead with the vineyards in the background
So comes to an end an intensive week long investigation into the Ghost Vines of Theewaterskloof. These lost and forgotten vineyards have fueled my flame in my quest to save the old vineyards of South Africa, together with my colleague André Morgenthal under the Old Vine Project flag , and bring these vineyards and the wines they produce into the spotlight they so deserve.
For these vineyards aren’t merely old and tell tales of our past, some of them produce unique, terroir driven wines in a real sense. They have stood the test of time, given their all through dry seasons, wet seasons and windy seasons, and it is now time we gave them all we have to help them grow even older, and get the young vines to age gracefully too.
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