On this day: September 12

2011-09-12 07:32
Today is Monday, September 12, the 255th day of 2011. There are 110 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1609 - English explorer Henry Hudson sails into the New York river that now bears his name.

1683 - John III Sobieski of Poland and Charles of Lorraine raise the Turkish siege of Vienna, marking the end of Turkish domination in eastern Europe.

1801 - Alexander I of Russia announces annexation of Georgia.

1848 - Switzerland adopts new constitution as a federal union with strong central government.

1918 - US forces led by General John J Pershing launch an attack on the German-occupied St Mihiel salient north of Verdun, France, during World War I.

1938 - In a speech in Nuremberg, Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia.

1943 - German paratroopers take Benito Mussolini from the hotel where he is being held by the Italian government.

1953 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.

1959 - Soviet Union launches Luna 2, the first spacecraft to reach the moon.

1960 - The Central African Republics, Ghana and Guinea threaten to withdraw their troops from a security force unless the United Nations gives up its control of Leopoldville radio and the Congo's airports.

1964 - Dissident army officers try unsuccessfully to overthrow government of South Vietnam.

1970 - Palestinian guerrillas blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan.

1974 - Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is deposed by a military junta.

1977 - Student leader Steven Biko dies while in police custody, triggering an international outcry.

1980 - Turkish military seizes power and keeps it until 1983.

1987 - Communist rebels battle troops in fierce fighting near Manila.

1988 - Hurricane Gilbert slams into Jamaica with torrential rains and winds of 23km/h, killing 45 people and causing damage estimated at $1bn.

1990 - President Alberto Fujimori's government turns down a US offer of $35.9m for anti-drug counterinsurgency operations in Peru.

1991 - Scores of Iraqi soldiers along the Iraq-Saudi Arabian border are buried alive by US tanks that pushed tons of sand and earth into their trenches during the Persian Gulf war.

1992 - Abimael Guzman, the shadowy founder of bloody Maoist guerrilla movement the Shining Path, is captured in a safe house in Lima, Peru.

1993 - Rebel Serbs in Croatia launch rocket attacks against targets near the capital.

1994 - In Poland, Nato soldiers and former East Bloc nations hold first joint manoeuvres.

1995 - The Belarusian military shoots down a helium balloon during an international race, killing its two American pilots.

1996 - Taliban rebels consolidate their hold on the strategic eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad.

1997 - Six Lebanese soldiers and one civilian are killed when Israel launches rockets at Lebanese army positions in south Lebanon.

1998 - Azem Hajdari, a leading Albanian opposition lawmaker, is assassinated by an unidentified gunman.

1999 - Indonesia says it will accept a peacekeeping force in East Timor, which was ravaged by Indonesian-controlled militias after residents voted for independence.

2000 - A suspected car bomb rips through an underground garage in the Jakarta Stock Exchange building, killing 15 people and injuring dozens more.

2001 - After the collapse of the Twin Towers, US President George W Bush addresses a national audience to declare America is under attack and the United States will use all its resources to defeat terrorism.

2003 - The UN Security Council votes to lift sanctions against Libya that had been in place for 11 years as a response to the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.

2004 - Hurricane Ivan heads toward western Cuba and the southeastern United States after battering the Cayman Islands with ferocious 240km/h winds, killing at least 60 across the Caribbean.

2005 - Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe quietly adopts constitutional changes that make it easier for the state to seize private property and prevent opponents from travelling abroad to criticise his 25-year rule.

2006 - Syrian guards foil an attempt by suspected al-Qaida-linked militants to blow up the US Embassy in Damascus, exchanging fire outside the compound's walls.

2007 - Authorities confirm a new foot-and-mouth outbreak on the outskirts of London, just days after the government lifted livestock restrictions following the appearance of the devastating disease last month.

2008 - A car bomb rips through a crowded commercial district in a mainly Shiite town in Iraq, killing at least 32 people and wounds 43 others.

2009 - About 50 civilians, security forces and militants die in a wave of violence around Afghanistan, including a bomb that leaves 14 Afghan travellers dead in one of the country's most dangerous regions.

2010 - Chile's mining minister acknowledges that a problem has stalled the most advanced of three tunnels being drilled to 33 miners trapped underground and says officials might have to restart the bore hole in another location.

Today's Birthdays:
France's King Francis I (1494-1547); Herbert Henry Asquith, British prime minister (1852-1928); Maurice Chevalier, French actor-entertainer (1888-1971); Alfred Knopf, US publisher (1892-1984); Jesse Owens, US athlete (1913-1980); Ian Holm, English actor (1931--); Linda Gray, US actress (1940--).

Thought for Today:
In politics, an absurdity is not a handicap - Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821).

- Sapa-AP

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