SAPS members get CPR training

2015-11-18 06:00
Kingsway Hospital’s, Krish Varaden shows Amanzimtoti SAPS members the ‘recovery position’ for a patient with the help of Khulani Mdingi (the ‘patient’).

Kingsway Hospital’s, Krish Varaden shows Amanzimtoti SAPS members the ‘recovery position’ for a patient with the help of Khulani Mdingi (the ‘patient’).

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SUPPORTING CPR Week, Kingsway Hospital offered free training in CPR to Amanzimtoti SAPS members.

Registered nurse, Prabashnie Naidoo said if a person collapses, the first thing to do is make sure the person is not responding by touching them and talking to them. If the person is unresponsive, the next step would be to feel for a pulse, pressing one’s forefinger and middle finger next to the patient’s breathing pipe.

Naidoo said they follow training according to the American Heart Association and no longer is CPR alternated with breathing into the patient’s mouth, due to the risk of contracting diseases such as hepatitis. It is also safer, as breathing into the patient might induce vomiting, and it is better for the patient not to vomit.

Basic CPR for adults

If there is a pulse, turn the patient on their side into the “recovery” position. If not, call or send for help by dialling 082 911 and start CPR.

Make sure the patient is lying on a hard surface, if they are lying on a bed, move them to the floor or try and put a hard board, like the ironing board, underneath them.

This is done by putting your hands on top of each other, interlocking your hands and fingers, keeping your arms straight leaning over the patient.

Then start a serious of hard presses (a third of the chest depth in) with your palms in the middle of the chest.

Conduct 30 presses and take an interval of maximum 10 seconds and then 30 more, for at least two minutes before feeling for a pulse.

Chances are you will get tired before the time is up, so ask someone to stand on the opposite side of the patient and they can continue CPR when you rest.

Carry on with CPR until the patient breathes or help arrives.

For babies, locate the middle of the chest, press down with your forefinger and middle finger, using a series of presses, conducting 30 presses taking an interval of no longer than 10 seconds, followed by more presses until the baby starts breathing or help arrives.

Adult choking

Naidoo said another common emergency­ would be if an adult is choking. The most recognisable sign is someone holding their throat, wheezing, coughing, a high pitch noise or being unable to cough.

To perform the Heimlich manoeuvre, position yourself behind the patient. Put your arms around the patient, make one hand into a fist and place your other hand on top of the other.

If the patient is not pregnant, perform an abdominal trust forceful upwards until the object is out.

If the patient is pregnant, perform a chest trust (above the tummy between the breasts) until the object is out.

Should the patient become unresponsive, start CPR.

“A big risk with babies is buying cheap toys, which break and little particles becoming stuck in the throat, resulting in choking,” said Kingsway Unit manager, Sharlon Dromgool.

Choking in babies is recognised as mild or severe wheezing between coughs, the baby is weak, no coughing and unable to cry.

Turn the baby facing down on you forearm and perform five back slaps then turn the baby facing up and do five chest thrusts, and alternate. If the baby becomes unresponsive, start CPR, check at every breath for the object blocking their airway and remove it if it is easy to see.

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