What is autism?

2018-04-19 06:01

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

THE following information is not meant to diagnose or treat and should not take the place of personal consultation, as appropriate, with a qualified healthcare professional.


WHAT IS AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER?

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterised by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviours, speech and non-verbal communication, as well as by unique strengths and differences.

There is not one autism type, but many types, caused by different combinations of genetic and environmental influences.

The term “spectrum” reflects the wide variation in challenges and strengths possessed by each person with autism.

Autism’s most obvious signs tend to appear between two and three years of age. In some cases, it can be diagnosed as early as 18 months.

Some developmental delays associated with autism can be identified and addressed even earlier.

Autism Speaks urges parents with concerns to seek evaluation without delay, as early intervention can improve outcomes.


SOME FACTS ABOUT AUTISM

The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates autism’s prevalence as one in 68 children in the United States.

This includes one in 42 boys and one in 189 girls.

An estimated 50 000 teens with autism become adults — and lose school-based autism services —each year. Around one third of people with autism remain non-verbal.

Around one third of people with autism have an intellectual disability. Certain medical and mental health issues frequently accompany autism.

They include gastrointestinal (GI) disorders, seizures, sleep disturbances, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and phobias.

— Autism Speaks.

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X

Inside News24

 
/News
Traffic Alerts
Traffic
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.