Dyslexia: There is hope

2015-09-30 06:00

“YOUR child is dyslexic.”

It may be a parent’s worst nightmare to hear these words.

This October, which is Dyslexia ­Awareness Month, Edublox urges parents to find out more about the reading and learning problems their children may have, so that they are better equipped to help them read, learn and achieve their highest educational potential.

“A severe reading problem may be described as dyslexia. What’s more important, however, is knowing how these problems can be solved and that there is hope,” says Susan du Plessis, Edublox director of educational programmes.

Switching the letters ‘b’ and ‘d’ or reading the word ‘bog’ instead of ‘dog’ are well-known as typical signs of dyslexia. When children are labelled as dyslexic their failure at school is often excused because their problem is considered incurable.

People may say that their brain is “wired” in a certain way and it cannot be changed.

Du Plessis encourages parents not to give up on their children.

“Dyslexia is just a label for a cluster of symptoms of reading and spelling problems. The science of neuroplasticity proves that the brain can change.

“Often what appears to be dyslexia is a lack of certain cognitive skills, which include laterality, form discrimination, auditory sequencing and phonemic awareness.

“If these cognitive skills are practised, a reading problem may become a thing of the past.”

Du Plessis says even if a child is performing above average at school, relative ability could be somewhat deceiving if compared to international education standards.

In 2006, the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (Pirls) ranked South Africa the worst after comparing the reading abilities of gr. 4 children in 40 countries..

A follow-up study in 2011, which found Hong Kong to achieve the best standard globally, revealed that South African gr. 4 learners were, “still performing at a low level overall on an easier assessment compared to their counterparts internationally”.

Research conducted by Edublox in Singapore last year confirmed this concerning situation.

“A child whose reading level is considered acceptable for their age in South Africa may be diagnosed as dyslexic in Singapore.”

Du Plessis said a diagnosis of dyslexia is therefore relative to the specific country and environment.

“Instead of limiting academic performance with a loosely-defined label, we should focus on developing potential.”

The mother of a nine-year-old girl who had been diagnosed with severe dyslexia was told that there was no hope for her child’s academic success.

“I was extremely worried when she had to copy ‘discover’ and wrote, ‘coversid’. How could she ever manage to write exams next year in gr. 4? Whenever she read, the letters would move on the page,” says her mother.

According to du Plessis, this is a sign of a severe reading problem.

After a ten-day intensive programme in cognitive development, the gr. 3 learner overcame her first hurdle and informed her mother that the letters had stopped moving.

“She has much more self-confidence and actually enjoys reading now,” reports her mother. As her cognitive skills are further strengthened with exercises that “build” her brain, she will be able to beat her reading difficulties completely, says du Plessis. – www.reputationmatters.co.za

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