Fourth of July in the U.S

2015-07-01 06:05

The United States celebrates Independence Day on 4 July every year.

The United States celebrates Independence Day on 4 July every year.

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INDEPENDENCE Day is annually celebrated on 4 July in the United States and is often known as and#034;the Fourth of Julyand#034;. It is the anniversary of the publication of the declaration of independence from Great Britain in 1776. Independence Day is a day of family celebrations with picnics and braais, indicating emphasis on the American tradition of political freedom.

Independence Day is a patriotic holiday for celebrating the positive aspects of the United States. Many politicians appear at public events to show their support for the history, heritage and people of their country. Above all, people in the United States express and give thanks for the freedom and liberties fought by the first generation of many of todayand#039;s Americans.

The Statue of Liberty is a national monument that is associated with Independence Day.

In 1775, people in New England began fighting the British for their independence. When the initial battles in the Revolutionary War broke out in April, few colonists wanted complete independence from Great Britain, and those who did were considered radical. By the middle of the following year however, many more colonists had come to favour independence, thanks to growing hostility against Britain and the spread of revolutionary sentiments such as those expressed in Thomas Paine’s bestselling pamphlet “Common Sense”, published in early 1776. On June 7, when the Continental Congress met at the Pennsylvania State House (later Independence Hall) in Philadelphia, the Virginia delegate, Richard Henry Lee, introduced a motion calling for the colonies’ independence. Amid heated debate, Congress postponed the vote on Lee’s resolution, but appointed a five-man committee - including Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania and Robert R. Livingston of New York - to draft a formal statement justifying the break with Great Britain.

On 2 July the Continental Congress voted in favour of Lee’s resolution for independence in a near-unanimous vote (the New York delegation abstained, but later voted affirmatively). On 4 July Congress formally adopted the Declaration of Independence, which had been written largely by Jefferson. Although the vote for actual independence took place on 2 July, from then on the fourth became the day that was celebrated as the birth of American independence.

In the pre-Revolutionary years, colonists had held annual celebrations of the English king’s birthday, which traditionally included the ringing of bells, bonfires, processions and speechmaking. By contrast, during the summer of 1776 some colonists celebrated the birth of independence by holding mock funerals for King George III, as a way of symbolising the end of the monarchy’s hold on America and the triumph of liberty. After the Revolutionary War, Americans continued to commemorate Independence Day every year in celebrations that allowed the new nation’s emerging political leaders to address citizens and create a feeling of unity. By the last decade of the 18th century, the two major political parties - Federalists and Democratic-Republicans - that had arisen began holding separate Independence Day celebrations in many cities.

The tradition of patriotic celebration became even more widespread after the war of 1812, in which the United States again faced Great Britain. In 1870, the U.S. Congress made 4 July a federal holiday. In 1941 the provision was expanded to grant a paid holiday to all federal employees. Over the years the political importance of the holiday would decline, but Independence Day remains an important national holiday and a symbol of patriotism.

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