Diabetes - the ‘silent killer’

2017-11-21 06:01
PHOTO: kalisha naickerTested your blood sugar regularly.

PHOTO: kalisha naickerTested your blood sugar regularly.

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DIABETES has become known as the tsunami of the 21st century, killing more people worldwide than Aids and cancer combined.

The main objective of Diabetes SA is to bring the illness into the spotlight, in the hope that it gains the recognition it deserves, instead of remaining in the shadow of HIV, Aids and cancer. Jenny Russel of Diabetes SA said that in the Stats SA report of 2015, diabetes was the second cause of death in SA, “a serious statistic indeed.” “The latest statistics received from a podiatrist doing her Master’s degree are shocking.

In 2014 our province had over 1.2 million diabetic patients registered in state health alone. An unacceptable total of 2 323 diabetic lower limb amputations were carried out between 2013 and 2014, an estimate of six per day.

“With statistics such as these, healthy lifestyle education in poorer communities has become non-negotiable, and is Diabetes SA Durban’s main focus.”

Russel quoted the current statistics from the International Diabetes Federation, the World Health Organisation & the Centre for Disease Control she said:

•Worldwide stats 2016: HIV positive 35 million, cancer 14 million, diabetic 415 million

•Every six seconds a person dies from diabetes-related causes.

•Every 10 seconds two people develop diabetes.

•Every 30 seconds a lower limb is amputated worldwide.

•At least 50% of all people with diabetes are unaware of their condition. In some countries this figure may reach 80%.

•Up to 80% of type 2 diabetes is preventable by adopting a healthy diet and increasing physical activity.

•Diabetes is the largest cause of kidney failure and blindness

•95% of diabetics are type 2, 90% of the complications are in type 2 diabetics

•People with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to have a heart attack or stroke

•Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of death in diabetes, accounting for some 75% of all diabetes fatalities

•All damage caused by elevated blood glucose levels is not reversible

•Every day 200 children develop type 1 diabetes.

•Every year, 70 000 children under the age of 15 develop type 1 diabetes.

•Type 1 diabetes is increasing in children at a rate of 3% each year

•Type 1 diabetes is increasing fastest in pre-school children, at rate of 5% per year.

•Type 2 diabetes in children is becoming a global public health issue with potentially serious outcomes.

•Type 2 diabetes affects children in both developed and developing countries.

•30% of children born since the year 2000 are expected to become diabetic if lifestyle changes are not made

•There are 3 to 3.5 million diagnosed diabetics in South Africa

•There are approximately 1.5 undiagnosed diabetics in South Africa

•There are approximately 1.5 to 2 million pre-diabetics in South Africa

•There are approximately 1,3 million diabetics in KZN in State alone

•There will be an increase from 415 to 592 million people over the next 20 years. In Sub-Saharan Africa alone the increase is expected to be 110%.

Russell said that this is a silent killer and communities need to stay educated about the disease. She advised people to have their blood sugar tested regularly. For more information, contact Diabetes SA Durban offices at 204 Wheeler House, Stamford Hill Road, Greyville or call on 086 122 2717 or 084 717 7443 or email durban@diabe tessa.org.za

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