What you need to know about allergies

2017-11-15 06:01

ALLERGY SYMPTOMS

COMMON allergens include weed or grass pollen, dust mites, animal dander, mould, insect stings and a variety of food types, such as eggs, shellfish, nuts and grains.

If you come into contact with something to which you are allergic, your immune system considers it dangerous and releases a chemical called histamine to counteract it.

The release of histamine can cause a variety of symptoms, including a skin rash, headache, sneezing, runny nose, swelling, nausea and diarrhoea.

The most severe reaction, known as anaphylaxis, can be life-threatening.

If the allergen is something you breathe in your reaction will most likely affect your eyes, nose and lungs.

If the allergen is something you consume you’re more likely to have symptoms in your mouth, stomach and intestines.

If the allergen is something you come into contact with you’re most likely to develop skin rashes such as eczema or dermatitis.

TYPES OF ALLERGIES

• drug allergy

An abnormal reaction of the immune system to a medication.

• food allergies

An unpleasant or dangerous immune system reaction after a certain food is eaten.

• contact dermatitis

A skin rash caused by contact with a certain substance.

• allergic asthma

Asthma triggered by exposure to the same substances that trigger allergt symptoms.

• seasonal allergies

An allergic response causing itchy, watery eyes, sneezing and other similar symptoms.

ALLERGY TREATMENTS

In general, there is no cure for allergies, but there are several types of medications available, both over-the-counter and prescription, to help ease and treat annoying symptoms like congestion and runny nose. These allergy drugs include antihistamines, decongestants, combination drugs and corticosteroids.

WHAT SHOULD I DO?

If you or someone you know are experiencing any of the above signs, symptoms or issues, come to Royal Hospital Pharmacy for an assessment. We can help resolve your allergy related symptoms, from a runny nose to marks on the skin.

Give us a try and see how much better you feel. - Royal Hospital Pharmacy

ALLERGY SYMPTOMS

COMMON allergens include weed or grass pollen, dust mites, animal dander, mould, insect stings and a variety of food types, such as eggs, shellfish, nuts and grains.

If you come into contact with something to which you are allergic, your immune system considers it dangerous and releases a chemical called histamine to counteract it.

The release of histamine can cause a variety of symptoms, including a skin rash, headache, sneezing, runny nose, swelling, nausea and diarrhoea.

The most severe reaction, known as anaphylaxis, can be life-threatening.

If the allergen is something you breathe in your reaction will most likely affect your eyes, nose and lungs.

If the allergen is something you consume you’re more likely to have symptoms in your mouth, stomach and intestines.

If the allergen is something you come into contact with you’re most likely to develop skin rashes such as eczema or dermatitis.

TYPES OF ALLERGIES

• Drug allergy

An abnormal reaction of the immune system to a medication.

• Food allergies

An unpleasant or dangerous immune system reaction after a certain food is eaten.

• Contact dermatitis

A skin rash caused by contact with a certain substance.

• Allergic asthma

Asthma triggered by exposure to the same substances that trigger allergy symptoms.

• Seasonal allergies

An allergic response causing itchy, watery eyes, sneezing and other similar symptoms.

ALLERGY TREATMENTS

In general, there is no cure for allergies but there are several types of medications available, both over-the-counter and prescription, to help ease and treat annoying symptoms like congestion and runny nose.

These allergy drugs include antihistamines, decongestants, combination drugs and corticosteroids.

WHAT SHOULD I DO?

If you or someone you know are experiencing any of the above signs, symptoms or issues, come to Royal Hospital Pharmacy for an assessment. We can help resolve your allergy related symptoms, from a runny nose to marks on the skin. Give us a try and see how much better you feel.

- Supplied by Royal Hospital Pharmacy

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