TRANSNET National Ports Authority’s (TNPA) Port of Ngqura is the only port with a green status in the South African port system, which has implemented unique biodiversity conservation programmes.According to environmental manager, Mandilakhe Mdodana, it means that Port of Ngqura is the only port which was subjected to environmental legislation during its entire development operation and will be during its future development.“The innovative way in which the port proactively maintains its status is impressive. “It includes among others a few unique biodiversity conservation programmes, which were implemented since inception,” Mdodana said.The “poison-free rodent control” initiative uses poison free methods and natural predators to manage and control the rodent population in the port. Natural predators such as owls are deployed in strategic areas around the port and rodent bait stations are filled with non-poisonous bait such as sunflower seeds to trap rodents.“We preserve the most sensitive and threatened vegetation types in SA, namely Bontveld and Mesic succulent thicket, which are found within the port. These types of vegetation provide a habitat for a number of endemic species,” Mdodana added.The areas are identified in line with the Coega Development Corporation’s open space management plan – therefore development within these areas is not encouraged.In addition, fish monitoring at the port, which started prior to construction, is still ongoing. It is conducted by a team of researchers under the Bayworld Centre for Research and Education, led by Dr Matt Dicken. This tag and release programme is recognised by the Oceanographic Research Institute. The research is aimed at investigating the composition and abundance of fish. The most recent results are indicating that the port is serving as a nursery for fish and gully sharks. This is attributed to the good water quality within the port and the calm sheltered environment provided by the port infrastructure.Prior to any construction in the port, a search and rescue exercise is conducted, which is aimed at identifying plants and animals which need to be rescued. Recently, the port had to relocate a number of endemic pigmy hairy footed gerbils (Gerbillurus paeba), to ensure that they were not negatively impacted by the construction of the Admin Craft Basin.Other environmental initiatives that promote sustainable development in the port include rainwater harvesting for ablution purposes, the implementation of the Department of Environmental Affairs’ approved environmental management plans and a marine mammal monitoring programme. Employees are instructed to be on the lookout for marine mammals such as whales and dolphins.The port has been recognised for its commitment in conserving the environment in which it operates. The Port Environmental Authorisation, which requires biannual audits by an independent environmental control officer, has bestowed the port with high levels of compliance (above 90%) to date. It was also acknowledged as one of the most environmentally compliant organisations in the Eastern Cape in 2014. It received a Top Green Organisation Award, endorsed by the Department of Environmental Affairs and the Institute of Waste Management of South Africa.Port manager, Tandi Lebakeng, added, “Our accolades confirm our commitment to conserving the environment in which we operate. “We ensure that our compliance to environmental legislation remains a priority at all times. We are particularly looking forward to executing our future capital projects without harm to the environment,” said Lebakeng.