IN an effort to learn more about breast cancer, to raise awareness and to educate the community, the Stanger Weekly spoke to radiologist Dr Zemfundo Portia Malevu, who annually offers a select number of women from the community free mammograms during October, which is Breast Cancer Awareness Month. SW: What is mammography? ZPM: A mammogram is the screening examination of the breast tissue with an aim to detect breast cancer when it is still early and undetectable clinically. It is also used to diagnose breast cancer.This examination is done on women above the age of 40 because of the breast type around this age. For women younger than this age, breast ultrasound is an ideal mode of examination, if a suspicious lesion is detected then we advise a mammogram examination. SW: Who is supposed to undergo a mammogram? ZPM: Women at the age of 40 and older, those with a strong family history of cancer, those with a personal history of cancer, men with suspicious breast lumps. SW: What signs and symptoms should you look for? ZPM: Nipple changes, pulling in (inversion) or discharge from the nipple, breast or axillary lumps, skin changes and breast size/shape changes and new breast pain.If these are detected, seek medical attention, then the doctor will refer you appropriately.That is why self-breast examination on a monthly basis is mandatory, so that you are familiar with your breast and will be able to pick up any new changes if they develop.However, it is important to know that even if no symptoms are present, some breast cancers do not present with mass lesions. Therefore, an annual screening mammogram is advised for early detection. Breast cancer is on the rise, currently statistics show that one in eight women will have cancer in their life time. This is serious and scary. There is brief discomfort during the examination but it worthwhile. Most women feel uncomfortable by the mere fact that is a private examination. In our practice, we have experienced mammographers and a female radiologist.Our practice is offering mammograms at discounted rates with an aim to encourage women. Feel free to contact us for bookings. SW: What are your opinions on cancer awareness? ZPM: There is still a lot of work that needs to be done to make our community aware of how serious and common breast cancer is. SW: Why did you choose radiology? ZPM: After completing community service, I knew that I wanted to specialise. Making a decision as to which discipline was difficult because I enjoyed managing and dealing with all pathological spectrums of the human body, so picking up one was not easy. Then I choose radiology because it is widespread and it is the nucleus of medicine. All disciplines (paediatrics, medical, surgical, orthopaedic, etc) refer to radiology for imaging diagnosis with an aim of managing the patient, from all age groups, from paediatrics to elderly. It is amazing and beyond our understanding as to how God created the human body (anatomy), all body parts are interlinked. Our practice offer these services:General radiography, ultrasound, mammography, CT scan. For cash patients, we do offer a 10% discount on request.In the Whitehouse practice, we offer discounted rates on all the general x-ray examinations.