Nelson Mandela: Key dates

2012-07-16 19:50

Johannesburg - Key dates in the life of Nelson Mandela:

- 18 July 1918: Born into Thembu royal family in Mvezo village in southeast of South Africa

- 1940: Is expelled from Fort Hare University College for participating in student strike

- 1941: Moves to Johannesburg, becomes mine policeman

- 1943: Joins African National Congress (ANC)

- 1944: Marries Evelyn Mase, trainee nurse

- 1952: Opens first black law practice in Johannesburg with Oliver Tambo

- 5 December 1956: Is among 156 political activists arrested and charged with treason

- 1958: Marries social worker Nomzamo Zaniewe Winifred "Winnie" Madikizela, having divorced Mase in 1954

- 21 March 1960: Security forces massacre 67 protesters in Sharpeville. Government bans ANC and Pan African Congress and declares state of emergency

- 1961: Is acquitted in treason trial, along with co-accused

- 16 December 1961: Launch of ANC's armed wing, Umkhonto weSizwe (Spear of the Nation), with Mandela as commander-in-chief

- 5 August 1962: Captured, and sentenced on November 7 to five years in prison for incitement to strike and leaving country illegally, having earlier travelled to Ethiopia and Algeria for military training

- 1963: While serving this sentence, is charged with sabotage along with other ANC activists arrested in Rivonia, near Johannesburg

- 12 June 1964: After famous speech from dock (democracy "is an ideal for which I am prepared to die"), is sentenced to life imprisonment and sent to Robben Island prison off Cape Town

- 5 July 1989: Meets with president PW Botha and then on 13 December with FW de Klerk, who later succeeds Botha

- 11 February 1990: Released from prison

- 5 July 1991: Elected ANC president

- April 1992: Separated from wife Winnie

- 15 October 1993: Wins Nobel peace prize with De Klerk

- 27 April 1994: Votes for the first time in his life, in the country's first all-race elections

- 10 May 1994: Inaugurated as president

-18 July 1998: Marries Graca Machel, widow of Mozambican president Samora Machel

- 1999: Steps down as president after one term

- 1 June 2004: Announces his retirement from public life

- 6 January 2005: Announces that his son Makgatho had died of Aids

- 19 April 2009: Makes his final political address in a recorded message at an ANC election rally

- 11 July 2010: Appears at the closing ceremony of the Football World Cup in South Africa

- 28 January 2011: Discharged from hospital after two days of treatment for an acute respiratory infection

- 25 February 2012: Admitted to hospital to treat a long-running abdominal complaint

- 30 May 2012: Makes rare television appearance to receive symbolic flame marking the ANC centenary

  • tlegodu - 2012-07-17 07:43

    We thank our Lord, for such a wonderful leader,we are blessed.

  • sibiya.nqubeko - 2012-07-17 08:46


  • Msika - 2012-07-17 09:15

    Jesus Christ of our life time.

  • jackie.stone.501 - 2012-07-17 09:48

    Truly there is no one like this man, he is a Hero in many people's eyes. We thank you Madiba for the contribution you have made in this country.

  • banyane.tshireletso - 2012-07-17 09:59

    Madiba is a true leader, may God lord of mercy give him eternal life. Mandela there is no one like you, LONG LIVE TATA

  • Siphiwo - 2012-07-17 14:24

    A Visionary. A Gallant fighter. A Confidante. A Nation-Builder. An Icon. A State-man. A Leader. A Comrade. We are so blessed to have you Tata. May we have other, follow on your foot prints. God bless you.

  • reflection.moment - 2012-07-17 16:15

    why dont we comment on his two divorces and him marrying a widow, i respect MADIBA, but he had his flaws nje,

      Msika - 2012-07-17 16:20

      You are right, just like any human being living in this world, he had his flaws. So what if he had flaws??? Who doesn't have them??? MORON!!

  • rocky.bell.927 - 2012-07-17 16:22

    ....and what about the 25 year period between 1964 and 1989. * spending only 18 years on Robben Island * apartheid government offered to release Mandela to the Transkei in 1973 (yes one nine seven three) *In 1985, PW Botha offered him to be released should he renounced violence. * the "luxury" cells at Polls Moor where he stayed for 7 years. * the private residence he occupied on the premises of the Drakenstein Correctional Services ****God cannot alter the past, though historians can. (Samuel Butler)***

      chaplinncharlie - 2012-07-17 19:24

      Rocky they see what they want to see and not the reality of life...

      Richard - 2012-07-17 19:29

      You want a quote.... Great minds think alike, but fools seldom differ.... I think the latter applies to you guys, Rockybell & ChaplinCharlie.. lol

      chaplinncharlie - 2012-07-17 20:25

      Richard... and so it is in our Human nature to judge and criticise each other... I wonder who gave us that right???

      pieter.pan.184 - 2012-07-17 22:49

      @RockyBell Mandela didn't want to be released and isolated in the Transkei. He wanted to be a free South African citizen. Of course he would not have renounced violence, he tried to reason, he requested international help, the South African government didn't want to budge. He did what he needed to do to be a free man, he did what anyone would've done to be free. Stripping people of their dignity is WRONG, and try to sugar coat it until you're blue the old regime was an evil system. I can safely assume that you have a lot to say about the ANC, just remember in the old days you would have been guilty of treason for speaking against the government.

  • malefane.mohapi - 2012-07-18 08:19

    Is this a recent picture of Madiba - if so, ya, he is still looking strong!!!!!!!!!!!

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