A history of the ANC

2012-12-15 19:45

Johannesburg - A glance at the history of South Africa's governing African National Congress political party:

1912: Founding of South African Native National Congress, precursor to the ANC.

1923: Name changed to African National Congress.

1955: The Congress Alliance - of the ANC and Indian, mixed-race and white organizations - holds the Congress of the People in Soweto. Congress adopts the Freedom Charter calling for a nonracial democracy and a socialist-based economy.

1956: Nelson Mandela and 155 other South Africans of all races who had supported the Freedom Charter charged with treason. All acquitted after a four-year trial.

1959: Robert Sobukwe leads breakaway faction from the ANC, forming Pan Africanist Congress, now a minor political player in South Africa.

1960: ANC banned.

1961: Founding of ANC's guerrilla wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, or Spear of the Nation.

1964: Mandela found guilty of sabotage at Rivonia Trial and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1990: ANC and other groups unbanned; Mandela released.

1991: Mandela elected president of ANC. The government, ANC and 17 other political groups begin formal negotiations on a new constitution.

1993: Draft constitution adopted.

1994: ANC wins first all-race elections; Mandela becomes president; ANC's armed wing absorbed into national defense forces.

1999: Thabo Mbeki succeeds Mandela as the country's president.

2007: ANC elects Jacob Zuma as party president over Mbeki, putting Zuma in line to run for the presidency.

2009: ANC sweeps parliamentary elections and Zuma becomes president.

2011: ANC fires Youth League leader Julius Malema and suspends him from the party for five years.

2012: ANC marks its 100th anniversary, holds party convention to pick its next leader.

  • danie.strydom.7 - 2012-12-15 19:54

    started in 1912 to fight apartheid a policy created in 1948 does this mean blacks were discriminated against whilst SA still under British rule? Can't be, it is only the Afrikaners fault surely

      squeegee.pilot - 2012-12-15 19:55

      From outlaw group to a group of outlaws...

      beverly.young3 - 2012-12-15 20:14

      @ danie, the answer is yes. Southern Africa was getting along fine, until the British arived to see 'inter-marraiage' etc. Then it started. The 'rooi neks were to blame.......circa 1890? google the history it makes interesting reading.

      yandisa.mashalaba - 2012-12-15 20:34

      Land Act of 1910/11 was the catalys...not apartheid

      Billy - 2012-12-15 21:00

      thats right, die rooinekke, started the apartheid rubbish, when they realised its a disaster they left "instructions" and ran back to their island. many afrikaners back then were trying to create a workable solution for all, since we would have to live together. the brits wouldnt have it. then again, they could just run home if they didnt like things, as i said... i would say the start of apartheid, was their exclusion from joining the Union of South Africa in 1910, i can imagine it gave motivation for the anc to form and fight for a place in south africa.

      blip.noodlum - 2012-12-15 21:13

      The issue of the African franchise was put in the "Too Hard" basket in the run-up to the Union in 1910. British Cape and Natal favoured a qualified non-racial franchise (literacy and property ownership), Boer Transvaal and Free State insisted that no non-whites must vote. Either way, the vast majority of blacks were disenfranchised and, as such, ignored by those white men who wielded power.

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 21:53

      Lack of historical knowledge is always a problem, hey. Tne SANNC was formed in 1912 because many educated black people felt discriminated against by the then Jan Smuts gouvernment. (SAP), Sol Plaatjie was it's first leader. Discrimination agianst peope of colour was institutionalized those days: not only in SA, but around the colonial world.

      solo.mathe.5 - 2012-12-15 23:26

      Aah! please! The english were bad, but the boere were worse. Just read history. All racists except the boers took it to another kind of pure evil because they just didn't recognise africans as human beings like them...

      beverly.young3 - 2012-12-15 23:28

      @craig yes and no, that is pretty simplisitc. in essence, if we are honest, the 'British' didnt like what they saw about 'inter-raltions' between black and white. THOSE adventurers, for want of a better name, had no 'colour-bar' whatsoever. Hence, and please excuse me here, the 'coloured' nation, or what they might have named them in those times. Or the results of those relations. The French partictularly, adored 'black' women. Married, started wine blah blah....the English pioneers, it goes..... The political aspect came in too..BUT is was the masters of the old queen who, power and land hungry, who said never thet twain shall from a bond. I guess I am being prety simplistic too?

      norton.legg - 2012-12-16 10:39

      Billy, don't talk absolute rubbish! The British never signed Apartheid officially into law like the Afrikaners did once they left. Regardless, the Afrikaners certainly found it incredibly convenient to make it stricter and enforced it much stronger than anything the British did, wouldn't you say?!

  • jackal666.daniel - 2012-12-15 20:13

    Talk about a nose dive!

  • Don.Tandy - 2012-12-15 20:15

    Left out one milestone - 2012: Achieved the distinction of becoming a corrupt band of greedy gangsters with self enrichment at the top of the agenda. Anarchy Nepotism Corruption - business as usual on the gravy train.

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 21:59

      You know, I get tired of this? we all know that the ANC is not what it was, is not what it should and could be. Nevertheless, it is a lot better then many parties around the world that won't let you put these abuse remarks on the net without risk of them getting to you. There are a lot of people inside the ANC that want to save the party from it's current flaws, don't sweep all with the same broom.

      nic.nomicos.3 - 2012-12-16 01:16

      @Bobby...*there are a lot of people from inside the ANC that want to save the party*...stuff the party, what about them wanting to save the COUNTRY ???

  • jackal666.daniel - 2012-12-15 20:20

    Also N24 thanks for another one of your biased articles...

      jackal666.daniel - 2012-12-15 21:22

      Thumbs down please tell me, which newspapers publishes a history of any political party in the run-up to said party's elective conferences? IDJITS!!!

  • jacques.jacobs.180 - 2012-12-15 20:27

    The ANC had a glorious history until 1994 when it all started going backwards. Today they should be ashamed of what they have become.

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 22:00

      Partly. They can be proud as well, partly.

      chris.summers.3954 - 2012-12-15 22:02

      Ah yes, ANC History, that glorious Church Street bombing, Magoo's Bar, where ANC heroes showed their resolve in the face of brutal attack from women and children. Blessed be those heroes of the struggle, right warriors they were, battling to get a taxi to take them away from where they left their bombs because they forgot to bring enough change.

      beverly.young3 - 2012-12-15 23:30

      and the bomb in Kingwilliamstown? Set by ? in the golf club there?

      phahla.matwa - 2012-12-16 01:17

      @ jacques repent man. U'll will die with hatred lyk Apartheid. We r all human we hv same blood

  • nico.dejongh.90 - 2012-12-15 20:28

    Dube was a firm believer in self-reliance, both as an ethical and spiritual quest towards realisation of dignity and respect in the eyes of others. In Isita he preached self-reliance and the need for black people to initiate economic ventures in order to gain respect in the eyes of the world. (Wiki) John langalibalele Dube the founder of The Native National Congress in 9112 had the common knowledge and dignity to tell the black people TO GAIN RESPECT IN THE EYES OF THE WORLD. The ANC has lost the plot all together... THE AFRICAN WAY..ZZZu lu nar..

  • john.cryink - 2012-12-15 20:37

    They are truly a movement from illness to dread political disease called cANCer

      nic.nomicos.3 - 2012-12-16 01:04

      A bowel movement....

  • werner.nel.712 - 2012-12-15 20:39

    you left out the terrorist part...

      blip.noodlum - 2012-12-15 21:16

      So, they should just have peacefully used the vote, right?

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 22:03

      Due to your abusive, racial motivated bitterness, I feel like voting ANC again! Thanks, I definitely do not want to be part of your world, and I am white.

      chris.summers.3954 - 2012-12-15 22:15

      @Bobby. Wow, you really showed that Werner guy, colour me impressed my white friend, if you go on like this you might just convince me to also vote for the terro, I mean ANC. Believe it or not, I am also white like you! Also, I got your rosewood right here....touch know you want to

  • Timur Safak - 2012-12-15 21:03

    beverly how stupid to blame the English it was the afrikaners ruling the southern continent 95 percent of the time and now you blame the 'rooi neks' get a life

      Charles Frederik Robberts - 2012-12-15 21:13

      Timur go learn your history,you sounding like a typical ancyl!

      Billy - 2012-12-15 21:19

      lol dont be angry at history, learn from it. the union of south africa was the unification of what? 4 british colonies who was the boere fighting against? the english amazing. the english got the black people to fight with them against the boer. then the english turned on the black people, once they were done fighting the boer. go learn some history, go run.

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 22:05

      Go to the Apartheid Museum in Jo'burg, take 4 hours to really take it all in. You will probably decide to come back again.

      beverly.young3 - 2012-12-15 23:41

      lol @ are obviously vey young and ???? clueless? I had the wonderful experience of typing up a thesis for a writer. He tasked me with part of his research which was mind-blowing! The Indians, from India where the first known 'explorers' circa 11th cent.,.....when they were sent to explore for gold and exchange cattle for this precious mineral. The traders were 'monks'. They 'dallied' on the side, and later, the greed for silk,or the silk route, sent the rest of the captains of ships investingating the Cape. The boers? lordly, they were much later. Dutch blah blah...really, READ!!! the fundemental understanding of any history, besides accepting the truth, is COMPREHENSION! Without being able to comprehend and accept what you find, you are lost in a wilderness of stupidity.

      solo.mathe.5 - 2012-12-15 23:55

      The boers and the english used africans to fight against the other. And neither cared what happened to them after the war. The only difference is that the english (since they won) were in a position to assist africans once the war ended but they chose not to. A shocking number of africans died in the concentration camps along with the boers.

  • Charles Frederik Robberts - 2012-12-15 21:09

    2012 Stuffed up a once successful and thriving country

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 22:07

      Thriving and successful for max 9% of the population. The other 91% had to put their sweaty backs under it to make that happen, BS.

      chris.summers.3954 - 2012-12-15 22:16

      @Bobby. My Rosewood is waiting for your love, 91% effort will make us complete.

      chris.summers.3954 - 2012-12-15 22:18

      @Bobby. I wonder if by Thriving, you mean Throbbing....poke me on facebook, I have something I want to show you.

      vernon.samuel.7 - 2012-12-16 00:38

      So successful that it was isolated from the rest of the world because we treated the vast majority of our citizens as sub-human scum. I would hardly call it successful and thriving just because a few people had wealth, peace and security.

  • vivian.harris.73 - 2012-12-15 21:37

    They forgot to add theft, corruption and crime within the ANC.....

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 22:08

      That happened all the time, from the VOC onwards. Nothing new.

      chris.summers.3954 - 2012-12-15 22:35

      @Bobby. News at 11, ANC justifies their theft, corruption etc by referring to criminals of old..."The Afrikaners did it, therefore we must now also be allowed to do it". It's what the struggle was all about, neh?

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-16 11:53

      @Chris: no, it is not a justification as far as I am concerned. I merely say that the ANC did not invent corruption, crime or theft. That the ANC justifies it's evil ways by finger pointing to past corrupt regimes, shows how useless they have become. And for your comfort (and mine): See what happened to those corrupt organizations, VOC went under because of it, and the NP is also gone- maybe not because of corruption but because they lost their right of existence with the abolishment of Apartheid, introduced as a solution but turning out to be the worst mistake, a criminal system of oppression. I guess the ANC will also implode if they do not change their ways and minds. Talking revolution as if nothing has changed since 1912, and institutionalizing corruption and self enrichment will be their downfall.

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-16 11:56

      2@Chris: 'Change is valuable because it makes the oppressed be tyrants.'

  • Daniel Nunes - 2012-12-15 21:51

    Brief history of the ANC: 1912-1994 fought the pale faces, 1994-present steal EVERYBODY'S money and destroy everything the pale faces gave them.

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 22:20

      So you think whites build it all, Orania style? No tanned skin build roads, buildings, airports, houses. ag nee man.

      chris.summers.3954 - 2012-12-15 22:27

      You use the term "fought" very liberally there. Bombing women and children is rather removed from fighting armed men.

      vernon.samuel.7 - 2012-12-16 00:34

      Cannot criticise you lot for being biased. Very well-balanced viewpoints indeed!!!

  • davidrobertlewis - 2012-12-15 22:00

    2012 ANC loses credibility as a political movement following Marikana Massacre.

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-15 22:22

      They sure do not have the answer to that!! Good point.

  • John Badenhorst - 2012-12-15 22:07

    News24....mmmm....i guess impartiality with you does NOT about a brief history of lets life cycle of a blow fly??? its sort of the same...when you sit and think about it...

  • popza.nzama - 2012-12-15 22:17

    Under the rule of ANC, South Africa was admitted into world stage and South African atlethes participated in international competitions.Mandela ,the first president of a democratic South Africa,was awarded Nobel peace prize.Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma obtained a prestigious position in the AU.

      nic.nomicos.3 - 2012-12-16 00:57

      Which is all pretty useless seeing that the majority of the population haven't trully benefitted from it all.....

  • mmoledis - 2012-12-15 22:29

    Day by day, minute by minute,hour by hour,second by second,week by week, month by month and lastly year by year the ruling party lose members and new fighting within the party erupts, we saw formation of Cope and after the ruling party did not get two third majority during elections,they lost porchestroom municipality because of infightings within the party there,in Klerksdorp North West a comrade was killed and the other survived in Mafikeng. Where is this party taking this country to as of now?

      tholakele.mngadi.3 - 2012-12-16 08:21

      Mncm how can you start with 'minute by minute' than go to 'hour by hour', finally 'second by second'? I think your mind is upside down

  • werner.schyns.9 - 2012-12-15 22:35

    Nelson Mandela sentenced to life imprisonment but release 22 years early...why???

      beverly.young3 - 2012-12-15 23:50

      You lost me there.........didnt he bomb and maim people too? His crime carried a sentence which, and with his band of brothers, he served, until the change in government. Nothing new in that. It happens and has happened all over the world. The ANC were fighting for their they did it?? What we are revolting against now, is not politics, as such, but sheer greed and theft.

      phahla.matwa - 2012-12-16 00:56

      His arrest and detention was unlawful stupid

  • altus.kirsten - 2012-12-15 22:40

    A short little history of absolutely nothing..............

      beverly.young3 - 2012-12-15 23:54

      Throw your poster away........and think.

      phahla.matwa - 2012-12-16 00:54


  • mshiniboys - 2012-12-15 22:50

    The ANC fought for freedom but people are fighting for their lives under the ANC govenment.

      beverly.young3 - 2012-12-15 23:50


  • Paul - 2012-12-15 22:57

    Liberation is the key word

  • fort.horseman.7 - 2012-12-16 00:44

    And would it be fair to say that its also history to call the ANC a liberation movement,based on their present track record.Im sure that many non whites would want to have a credible white party as an opposition,but unfortunately there are still those handful who are imposing their apartheid style behaviour that is creating a weariness.The DA tries hard and im sorry that they pay the price because of an ignorant few.

  • ian.d.samson - 2012-12-16 00:50

    What an enormous pity this history deliberately excludes all the atrocities in which the ANC was complicit or which the ANC perpetuated or encouraged. Pathetic journalism to exclude these choice parts of such an illustrious organisation!

      fort.horseman.7 - 2012-12-16 01:06

      Ian,your point taken.But the stark reality is that the ANC of Oliver Thambo,Walter Sisulu and Nelson Mandela is dead and gone.The ANC has become a 3 letter word.You dont need history,atrocities are being commited today because of power lustful leadership,and a blatant disregard of the mandate they undertook to serve the people of this country.

  • phahla.matwa - 2012-12-16 00:52

    The party I once loved

      bobby.rosewood.1 - 2012-12-16 11:39

      Same here, but the facts are there: it has thrown away it's own principles. The only way it will get right is when it would be in opposition for a few years, or in a coalition gouvernment maybe, but then it will take much longer to cleanse itself.

  • JohannP - 2012-12-16 05:48

    This has to be the sorriest excuse of a news article. It's bullet format is disgraceful. If you had to elaborate on this you'd probably read the first few lines and then the rest would read as quotes from the book McMafia.

      mc.segal.5 - 2012-12-16 08:11

      So wot happens in 2014?

  • chantal.bennett.121 - 2012-12-16 11:43

    From outlaw group to ruling party? More accurately, from outlaw group to group of outlaws, judging from the numbers of criminals in the ANC ranks at all levels.

  • rynier.keet.3 - 2012-12-16 13:54

    Is there a futuer with Jacob Zuma as leader?....

  • flysouth - 2012-12-16 15:25

    Odd - not a mention of the torture camps in Angola etc.? Or of the close links to the Communist Internationale in 1928?

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