Racial edicts in the form of the current empowerment regime have been presented as a non-negotiable by President Ramaphosa, writes Terence Corrigan.
Bongo, 60, says 'exemplary' government is needed after $250m hardwood scandal, in first speech since suffering a stroke.
An anti-government activist who made videos that were deemed hostile to Gabonese President Ali Bongo was released after being held for 17 months, his lawyer has said.
A Zimbabwe lawyers' group says a prominent pastor and activist Evan Mawarire has been charged with subverting a constitutional government, and Kenyan police say 11 arrested after deadly hotel attack.
Somali terror group al-shabaab has claimed responsibility for the attack on an upscale hotel complex in Nairobi, and Zimbabwean military helicopter has fired tear gas at demonstrators blocking a road and burning tires over fuel hikes.
Gabon's ailing president Ali Bongo has left Morocco to fly home days after security forces there foiled an attempted coup, a source close to the leader says.
Since independence in 1960, Gabon has had only three presidents including a father and son from the Bongo family who between them have held power for more than five decades.
The chief military rebel who led a failed coup in Gabon has been arrested and two of his commandos killed after they stormed a public radio station, the presidency says.
African Union chief Moussa Faki Mahamat has "strongly condemned" an attempted coup by rebel soldiers in the Gabonese capital on Monday.
Gabon soldiers have called on people to "rise up", as they announced a "national restoration council" would be formed to "restore order" in the west African country.
Gabon soldiers have said on state radio that a "national restoration council" has been formed, with ailing President Ali Bongo convalescing in Morocco.
The government of Gabon on Thursday announced a nationwide suspension of classes after high school students protested over plans to cut university grants.
2019 is already a busy year for internet shutdowns in Africa, with governments ordering cutoffs as soon as a crisis appears.
Gabon's ailing President Ali Bongo Ondimba has returned to Morocco to continue his recovery after a brief visit home, an official and a relative have said.
Gabon's President Ali Bongo Ondimba, who has been out of the country for health reasons since October, has returned for the swearing-in of his new government.
Gabon's ruling party says ailing President Ali Bongo Ondimba will return to the country "very soon" after a coup attempt early this week.
Gabonese President Ali Bongo, who was targeted by an apparent coup, has struggled to emerge from the shadow cast by his father, Omar, ruler of the oil-rich west African state for more than four decades.
The African Union and France have warned against any "unconstitutional" change of power in Gabon, whose government have claimed to have foiled an attempted takeover.
The government of Gabon has declared that it is in control after an attempted coup by army rebels and that it has arrested most of those involved.
Soldiers in Gabon have appeared on state television saying they have launched a coup in the west African country so as "to restore democracy".
Gabon's president Ali Bongo has addressed his compatriots for the first time since suffering a stroke on October 24, in a New Year's message recorded in Morocco and distributed via social and traditional media.
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