Our social development programs are too focused on welfarism and too little on healing the social pain that is overwhelming so many, writes Mamphela Ramphele.
Massud Barzani, the president of the autonomous Kurdish region in Iraq, told a closed-door session of parliament he was stepping down amid the fall-out from a controversial independence referendum.
Iraq's Kurds defied widespread opposition to vote in a historic independence referendum, sparking fresh tensions with Baghdad.
Iran has blocked all flights to and from Iraq's Kurdistan at the request of Baghdad, a day before the autonomous region holds an independence referendum that Tehran opposes.
Iran has warned that independence for Iraqi Kurdistan would mean an end to all border and security arrangements with the regional government.
The presidents of Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan have held talks to defuse an escalating crisis, after a deadline for Kurdish forces to withdraw from disputed positions was extended by 24 hours.
For Iraqi Kurds, the purple finger tip is a badge of honour, a sign that they have voted in Monday's referendum on independence for the autonomous northern region.
Iraqi Kurds were preparing to vote in a referendum set for Monday on independence for their autonomous northern region, despite warnings within the country and from its neighbours Iran and Turkey.
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