Racial edicts in the form of the current empowerment regime have been presented as a non-negotiable by President Ramaphosa, writes Terence Corrigan.
Five nations waging a battle against jihadi fighters in the Sahel has asked the UN for money and other aid to help tackle a scourge which claimed more lives even as officials met.
Here are key dates in the history of the Western Sahara, as the United Nations prepares to convene talks in Geneva on the disputed territory's future status.
A fledgling African regional force fighting jihadists in Sahel countries is more effective - with fewer resources - than a UN mission with a similar remit in Mali, the Mauritanian president has said.
At least 11 people were killed and 44 injured when two buses collided on a road between Mauritania's capital Nouakchott and the central city of Aleg, doctors and police say.
A two-day African security forum has opened in Dakar amid concerns about funding for a much-trumpeted initiative to bind five Sahel countries into an anti-terror force.
Mauritanian police have clashed with anti-slavery activists demanding the release of an imprisoned legislator as the country's newly-elected National Assembly held its maiden session.
Mauritania's election commission says the west African nation's ruling party has won a majority of seats in a second round of legislative, municipal and regional elections.
Voters in Mauritania are going to the polls for a second round of legislative, municipal and regional elections under tight security as the ruling party seeks to strengthen its majority in Parliament.
Women and girls in Mauritania who are raped are often unwilling to report the crime out of fear that they themselves will be jailed for breaking the west African nation's strict laws on sex outside marriage, Human Rights Watch has said.
After a turbulent campaign, Mauritania, a frontline state in the Sahel's fight against jihadism, goes to the polls Saturday for triple elections that will test head of state Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz's record seven months before a presidential vote.
Western donors have pledged nearly $2.3 billion in funding aimed at preventing terrorism and lawlessness along the southern rim of the Sahara, the head of the G5 Sahel grouping has said.
The sleepy Mauritanian village of Ouad Initi is about to get a makeover: a bigger school, a health centre, and more running water. All part of internationally-backed efforts to win over hearts and minds and stop the spread of jihadism.
Botswana's government says more than 400 buffaloes believed to have been chased by lions drowned in a river, and at least 10 men have been arrested for allegedly conducting a same-sex marriage ceremony in Zanzibar.
Mauritania has reacted furiously after the United States pulled its status as a preferential trade partner, accusing the West African state of tolerating forced labour and hereditary slavery.
Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the Polisario Front have accepted a UN invitation to hold talks in December on ending the decades-old conflict in Western Sahara, according to UN officials.
The headquarters of a five-nation anti-terror force in Mali has been transferred to the capital Bamako from the central town of Sevare following a deadly bomb attack, a source has said.
Mauritania's ruling Union for the Republic party has scored a meagre victory in municipal elections in the capital Nouakchott while sweeping legislative polls, according to official results.
Mauritania's ruling party has drawn well into the lead in legislative, regional and local elections held earlier this month, the electoral commission says, in the west African country's last vote ahead of key presidential polls.
The UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres has urged "all parties" in Mauritania to contribute to "peaceful and credible elections" the following day.
Mauritania, a frontline state in the Sahel's fight against jihadism, is going to the polls for triple elections that will test head of state Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz's record seven months before a presidential vote.
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