The old flag was the product of attempts to unify white South Africa, to the exclusion of black South Africans, writes Pieter du Toit.
Twenty people were arrested in Roodepoort during a police raid on illegal mining.
A married couple who turned out to be police officers were arrested for having gold bearing material and processing equipment.
The country's president ordered military intervention after miners defied a government deadline and clashed with police.
The three boys, aged between 7 and 9, have drowned in an abandoned illegal mine.
South African gold is being looted on an 'industrial scale', with research estimating that the country loses around R14.4bn through illegal gold mining every year.
Illegal miners, commonly known as zama-zamas, have been looting gold from Mpumalanga’s mothballed Lily Mine, but police are on their tracks.
Residents of KwaMachi, a tiny village in Harding in the far south of KwaZulu-Natal, believe that the 'gold' that has been discovered in their village will change their lives for the better.
Police have seized 10 illegal gold processing laboratories and gold mining equipment which included gas cylinders, generators and gold beating materials.
Matholeville residents are concerned that illegal mining in their area will collapse their houses
Illegal mining continues apace and stakeholders should consider solutions to prevent the negative impacts of this desperate activity.
Residents of Blaauwbosch village in Newcastle, who live near an old coal mine where informal mining takes place, say they are fed up with empty promises by the government and local politicians.
The City of Johannesburg has been forced to close Iridium Street between Randfontein Road and Penny Road in Roodepoort due to illegal mining activities.
Glencore has said at least 19 illegal miners were killed when part of a mine collapsed in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The death toll at the Gloria coal mine near Middelburg in Mpumalanga has risen to six and rescue efforts have for now been halted owing to a plethora of dangers.
It's been just over two months since villagers in Kwamachi discovered "gold". News24's Mxolisi Mngadi revisits the site where people still wait for the chance to change their fortunes.
A man has been arrested at the KwaMachi "gold" site in Harding, KwaZulu-Natal after a night of unrest where police had to use teargas to disperse a crowd of "gold" diggers.
'Gold diggers' from the rural village of KwaMachi in Harding, in the far south of KwaZulu-Natal, are spending nights and days at a local site where 'gold' has been discovered.
Some homes are now precariously near the edges of deep pits. Villagers wonder who is digging up their homes and heritage in search of chrome.
Nombeko Thole, the mother of Richard Thole, says all she wants is for her son’s bones to be returned to her.
It’s dangerous, often fatal, but illegal underground gold mining is pretty much all that sustains the economy of Lindelane, a sprawl of tin shacks and shebeens near Benoni.
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