1 in 4 children malnourished - report

2012-02-15 19:33

Nairobi - Almost half a billion children are at risk of permanent damage over the next 15 years because of chronic malnutrition, a report released on Wednesday said, despite advances against hunger around the world.

The Save the Children report said chronic malnutrition is a largely hidden crisis that affects one in four children globally. The report says 300 children die every hour of every day because of chronic malnutrition. That equals some 2 million deaths a year.

Global hunger has fallen markedly over the last two decades, but the 2011 Global Hunger Index found that six countries have higher rates of hunger today than two decades ago. Five of those countries are in Africa. The other is North Korea.

The 2011 Global Hunger Index said that Congo, Burundi, Comoros, Swaziland and Ivory Coast have higher degrees of hunger today than in 1990. Kuwait, Turkey, Malaysia and Mexico have made the biggest gains against hunger.

National nutrition programme

Karin Lapping, a senior director of nutrition for Save the Children, said many Asian countries have made strides against hunger because of an explicit focus on reducing chronic malnutrition, but that many African countries have not made that same commitment and have fallen victims to predictable cycles of drought and famine.

"When we look at successful examples in Asia like Bangladesh, they have a national nutrition programme," Lapping said. "We haven't seen that to be the case in many nations in Africa."

Ethiopia is one exception, she said, because of successful nutrition programmes. But, she said, in many other regions "progress has been undercut by cyclical emergencies like what we're seeing now in the Sahel," a belt across northern Africa that experiencing a food crisis.

Lapping said many African countries need greater political commitments from their governments and more external aid.

Malnutrition numbers in Africa remain startling. The report said that nearly two in five children on the continent - 60 million children - are stunted. The average yield of staple cereals is a third less than in Asia.

Permanent brain damage

The British government estimates that between 50 000 and 100 000 people died during a famine in Somalia last year. Most of those killed were children.

Chronic hunger leaves children vulnerable to starvation when food crises hit, but also leaves them vulnerable to death by diarrhoea, pneumonia and malaria even in better times.

"It also likely causes permanent damage to their bodies and brains," said Tanya Weinberg, a Save the Children spokesperson.

The Save the Children report said that if action is not taken to reduce chronic malnutrition, 450 million children will be affected by 2025.

The report said that malnutrition must be made more visible so that governments are forced to act, that more health care workers are needed and that governments must help small-scale farmers improve their yields.

  • Dan - 2012-02-15 21:05

    IT is sad , but the solution is VERY VERY easy 1 Stop Breeding 2 Their politicians should stop been corrupt to the core 3 Stop hoping that the west will supply you with food aid The hard reality that the 2 million that die each year according to the save the children report wont contribute towards 20 million starving children in 15 Years ( As these people start breeding at age of 14 and have 10 to 18 children each ) So although it is painfull and hardbreaking I hope these people confronted with these deaths each day on their doorstep start facing the realities , because they are already facing the music

      Mya - 2012-02-15 22:12

      Dan, perhaps when talking about an issue such as 300 children dying every hour of every day of starvation, you could consider using words which would make them seem less animal like. Words like breeding and "these people". "These people" are your fellow Africans,and fellow human beings, have some compassion. And trust me, "these people" when confronted with these deaths each day are most certainly facing more reality than you ever will in your cushy life.

  • Andrew - 2012-02-15 23:47

    If you can't feed 'em................Don't breed 'em............

      Dan - 2012-02-16 00:52

      EXACTLY MY SENTIMENTS Andrew . They breeded themselfs into that delema . As heartless as that sound this planet has finite resources and if you can not provide for children then dont make them. The article state 300 die per hour , if it wasnt for the "EVIL"" American and "EVIL"" european aid it would probably have been 2000 per hour . One way for the USA to curb part of theyr defecit is to stop feeding all this wasters of good space and useless consumer of good oxygen.

  • comurray - 2012-02-16 09:25

    The United Nations should point out to the people that if they stopped having children there would be more food for everyone. Their problem is having not much brain still have not yet realised what causes a woman to become pregnant then give birth to a child.

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