Airport blast leads China to reflect

2013-07-23 13:10
Medical workers and policemen work at the terminal 3 of the Beijing International Airport in Beijing after a man set off a homemade bomb. (Xinhua, Chen Jianli/ AP)

Medical workers and policemen work at the terminal 3 of the Beijing International Airport in Beijing after a man set off a homemade bomb. (Xinhua, Chen Jianli/ AP)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Beijing — For eight years, motorcycle taxi driver Ji Zhongxing sought justice for what he said was a beating by city guards that left him paralysed. It was his frustration, his brother said, that led Ji to push his wheelchair through a crowded terminal at Beijing's main airport and detonate a homemade bomb.

Ji injured no one but himself, but Saturday's incident has raised questions in China about whether China can adequately address the grievances of increasingly marginalised members of its society and cast a spotlight on the failures of the country's legal system to provide a sense of fairness.

Ji, aged 33, from the eastern city of Heze, had been petitioning Chinese authorities for years after the 2005 attack, which left him paralysed from the waist down and more than $16 000 in debt, his elder brother Ji Zhongji said.

"They beat him up for no reason. My brother was wronged," Ji Zhongji said by phone on Monday. "If even one person had stood up and said a word of fairness to my brother about his case, he would not possibly have ended up where he is today."

In an era of burgeoning gaps in income and social status, China's courts — controlled by the Communist Party's local political and legal affairs committees — are widely perceived as being corrupt or more likely to protect the interests of local officials than exercise justice.

People like Ji, migrant workers with little education and zero political connections, make up Chinese society's lowest rung. When the legal system fails them, they turn to petitioning — a centuries-old system of sending appeals to government officials in Beijing in the hope of gaining redress.

New kind of 'terrorism'

But those appeals rarely work and frustration among petitioners can mount and boil over into violence. In the prosperous port city of Xiamen in June, authorities have blamed a fire on a bus that killed 47 people on a disgruntled man named Chen Shuizong who apparently was destitute and had been pleading with local officials for eligibility for social security payments.

While condemning such attacks as a new kind of "terrorism", a commentary by the Xinhua Daily Telegraph, a newspaper published by the official Xinhua News Agency, also urged that a higher priority be made of ensuring that people feel they are treated justly.

"Every person who feels like they have been wronged could be a time bomb," the commentary said.

Ji apparently started a blog in 2006 to seek public support for his cause, writing in a final post that year: "We pleaded to the heavens but the heavens would not respond. We called out to the earth and the earth was silent."

The elder Ji said his brother had been driving a motorcycle taxi in the southern city of Dongguan when he was allegedly beaten up by security guards in a 2005 attack. Ji Zhongji, who is working in Inner Mongolia, said he did not know what led to his brother's action on Saturday, but that he knew that his brother had been frustrated by his efforts to find justice.

After Saturday's blast, Ji was sent to hospital where he underwent surgery to amputate his left arm, state media have reported. His status was not immediately clear. Beijing police did not respond to a faxed list of questions. The Dongguan city government said an investigation had been re-opened into Ji's case though it defended the authorities' handling of his petitions. It confirmed in a posting on its official microblog account that Ji had been seeking about $50 000 in compensation for medical bills and wages lost from not being able to work.

Call for fairness to all

Liu Xiaoyuan, a rights attorney who has tried to seek justice on behalf of many petitioners, said Ji's case showed how ineffective the system is in helping people with grievances. Petitioners are a symbol of China's failure to build a justice system that ordinary citizens consider fair, he said.

"This case reflects what happens if the system does not provide ways for petitioners to be treated reasonably," Liu said by phone. "Sometimes it will force them to take up extreme measures, because they think that unless they do that, no one will listen."

Petitioners are often met with violence when they attempt to take their cases to Beijing, with local governments sending "interceptors" to stop them — with force — and keep them in informal "black jails" until they can be sent home.

The case takes place as China's new leadership has called on the judicial system to provide fairness for all. Social commentators have cited Saturday's blast as a reason for the authorities to examine inequalities in the system and the apathy with which the poor are often treated.

Shi Shusi, a commentator for the Workers' Daily newspaper, wrote: "In some areas, citizens' legitimate demands are being ignored and public power rides above the law. ... This completely blocks the ability of people at the lowest levels to defend their rights."

Citing the "black sound of the explosion", Shi asked, "For whom has the alarm sounded?"

Read more on:    china  |  human rights

Join the conversation! encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.