Iraqi town Hit falls, up to 180 000 flee

2014-10-13 19:42
Omar al-Shishani is the face of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, appearing frequently in its online. (AP, militant social media account via AP video)

Omar al-Shishani is the face of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, appearing frequently in its online. (AP, militant social media account via AP video)

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Baghdad - Up to 180 000 people have been displaced by fighting in and around Hit in western Anbar province since the city fell to Islamic State militants earlier this month, the United Nations said on Monday.

Islamic State fighters overran a military base that the Iraqi army had abandoned about eight kilometres west of Hit earlier on Monday, according to an army officer and three members of a government-backed Sunni militia.

The jihadists looted three armoured vehicles and at least five tanks and then set the camp ablaze, the officer and Sunni militia fighters said.

Islamic State has been on the offensive in the desert province of Anbar, bordering Syria, in recent weeks, taking the town of Hit on 2 October and nearby Kubaisa on 4 October.

As a result of the fighting and air strikes, carried out by the Iraqi government and US-led military coalition, up to 30 000 families or 180 000 individuals have fled Hit, which lies 20 kilometres west of Ramadi, the UN's Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OHCA) said in a statement.

It said people fled east towards war-torn Ramadi and Khalidiya. Islamic State controls from Qaim, which borders Syria, east along the Euphrates river until the Haditha dam, where tribes and security forces are battling the jihadists.

The fall of Hit is seen as a step by Islamic State to isolating the pro-government forces defending the Haditha dam, which controls the flow of the Euphrates to southern Iraq.

Relative oasis

Before Hit fell to Islamic State, the town had been a relative oasis for families who had been displaced from their homes in Anbar province since the beginning of the year. About 100 000 displaced people had been living in Hit, the UN said.

In late December, then prime minister Nuri al-Maliki had ordered troops to arrest a Sunni lawmaker and clear an anti-government protest camp in Anbar's capital Ramadi.

The government offensive sparked a tribal revolt, which the Islamic State took advantage of to enter both Ramadi and its sister city Falluja.

The ensuing war from January until the fall of Mosul in early June left more than 430 000 Anbar residents displaced, and allowed Islamic State to take over Falluja and carve out strongholds in Ramadi.

The war in Anbar and its conquest of Mosul have allowed Islamic State to expand its reach from eastern Syria across Sunni parts of Iraq with the goal of establishing a caliphate.

Read more on:    isis  |  iraq

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