Isolated skirmishes hamper Ukraine truce

2015-03-01 07:16
A Ukrainian serviceman stands guard alongside armoured vehicles, flying the Ukrainian flag, on a road in a village in eastern Ukraine. (Sergei Chuzavkov, AP)

A Ukrainian serviceman stands guard alongside armoured vehicles, flying the Ukrainian flag, on a road in a village in eastern Ukraine. (Sergei Chuzavkov, AP)

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Kiev - Ukraine announced the completion of an initial phase of military pullback in east Ukraine on Saturday as isolated clashes rattled a shaky truce with pro-Russian rebels and observers warned the country was at a "crossroads".

Ukraine said on Saturday that isolated clashes were rattling a shaky truce with pro-Russian rebels after international monitors warned that the conflict in the country stands at a "crossroads".

Kiev military spokesperson Andriy Lysenko said that fighting had halted along most of the frontline but rebels were attacking government positions around Donetsk airport, one of the most fiercely contested locations in the conflict.

No soldiers were reported killed over the past 24 hours, after Kiev said on Friday that three servicemen had died after several days without a fatality.

The two warring sides both said that they were continuing the withdrawal of heavy weapons from the front - a key next step in a stuttering European-brokered peace plan to end fighting that has cost at least 5 800 lives since April.

Ukraine's military told AFP that it had completed the first stage of the withdrawal by pulling back its 100-mm cannons and was waiting for the order to start moving bigger calibre weapons.

Rebels claim they have already shifted the bulk of their heavy arms.

But while monitors from the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) have reported weapons movements on most sides they say it is too early to confirm a full pull-back.

As the fragile peace deal seemed to gain traction, the OSCE's envoy to Ukraine told the UN Security Council on Friday that while there were encouraging signs, the country still risked all-out war.

"We seem to be at the crossroads, where we are facing the risk of a further escalation of the conflict or where common sense, responsibility, and humanity shall prevail and we may be able to walk on the road to peace," envoy Heidi Tagliavini told the 15-member council.

The Security Council's meeting on the conflict came a year to the day after Russian and pro-Moscow forces began occupying strategic sites on the Black Sea peninsula of Crimea.

Russia formally annexed the territory in March 2014, triggering an international furore. The uprising in Ukraine's east began the following month.

'Humanitarian crisis'

The UN said on Friday there was a crisis in rebel-held areas, where people were living in "extraordinarily difficult circumstances".

"We really do have a humanitarian crisis in the separatist-held areas," UN aid coordinator in Ukraine Neal Walker said in Brussels.

"We've been really hoping that the ceasefire will hold over time and that that will enable us to respond more rapidly to those critical humanitarian needs," said Walker, as the UN this week launched an appeal for $316m in humanitarian aid.

The UN estimates 4.7 million people in or near the combat zones need help while another 300 000 people have fled to other parts of the country and a million abroad.

'Threat from the east'

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko cautioned on Friday that the withdrawal of heavy weapons was "just a first, test step".

"At any moment our soldiers are ready to return our weapons to their previous positions and rebuff the enemy," he told a group of soldiers.

Kiev accuses Russia of continuing to pile in weapons and men to bolster the rebels and Poroshenko warned that even if the peace held, Russia would continue to threaten Ukraine.

"Even if there is a lengthy truce that leads to a political solution and long-term peace, the military threat from the east will unfortunately remain."

Russia's annexation of Crimea sparked the worst East-West standoff since the Cold War.

The West is hoping the UN-backed truce deal negotiated by Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France in Minsk earlier this month can prevent a further escalation.

The United States and European Union have warned Russia - which has been hit by successive rounds of sanctions over Ukraine - could face fresh economic punishment if the peace process unravels.

Moscow has itself ratcheted up the pressure by warning it could cut off gas supplies to Ukraine - and, by extension, to parts of the EU.

Moscow last year cut off gas deliveries to Ukraine before turning the taps back on in December after making cash-strapped Kiev pay in advance for its supplies.

Read more on:    russia  |  ukraine

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