Mladic taunts survivors at start of trial

2012-05-16 20:08

The Hague - Bosnian Serb general Ratko Mladic made a throat-slitting gesture to a woman who lost her son, husband and brothers in the Srebenica massacre at the start of his trial on Wednesday for some of the worst atrocities in Europe since World War II.

Mladic, now 70-years-old, flashed a defiant thumbs-up as he entered the courtroom - the last of the main protagonists in the Balkan wars of the 1990s to go on trial at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague.

A hero to Serb nationalists, the "Butcher of the Balkans" to his Muslim and Croat victims, the pugnacious general eluded justice for 16 years until his capture in a cousin's farmhouse in Serbia last May.

The list of 11 charges stemming from his actions as the Serb military commander in the Bosnian war of 1992-95 ranges from genocide to murder, acts of terror and crimes against humanity.

He is accused of orchestrating not only the week-long massacre of 8 000 unarmed Muslim men and boys in Srebrenica but also the 43-month siege of the Bosnian capital Sarajevo, in which more than 10 000 people were killed by snipers, machine guns and heavy artillery.

Mladic, who refused to enter a plea, cuts a much frailer figure now than his bullish, strutting wartime persona - his defence lawyer said he had suffered three strokes and a heart attack. But he appears to have lost none of his defiance.

Inappropriate interaction

In the public gallery, Munira Subasic, whose 18-year-old son, husband and brothers were killed in Srebrenica, stared at him from behind a glass barrier, crossing her wrists to imitate handcuffs.

Mladic stared back and ran a hand across his throat. Presiding judge Alphons Orie promptly called a brief recess and ordered an end to "inappropriate interactions".

"I thought I would see at least some remorse in his eyes when I came here," Subasic said. "But instead I saw his bloodthirstiness. I don't know how he can live with what he did, with killing so many people."

The proceedings were broadcast live on big screens in Sarajevo, where thousands were killed by snipers or artillery while queuing for water or bread, or crossing the street.

Hasna Hadzic, a pensioner who spent the war in Sarajevo, stopped off on her way from the market, visibly shaken.

"I feel like crying when I think of what he has done to us: Killed 8 000 in Srebrenica alone, killed people in Foca, Visegrad, our children in Sarajevo," she said, wiping tears from her face.


"They shouldn't have put him on trial. They should have liquidated him immediately."

"They let him walk free for 16 years," said pensioner Asim Dzemat. "The whole world let him kill us for years, and now they address him as 'Mr' Mladic, 'General' Mladic! What 'Mr'? He's a killer! It's so shameful."

But in Pale, the mountain stronghold from which Serb forces orchestrated the siege and bombardment of the capital 16km away, applause broke out in cafes every time Mladic appeared on the television screens.

"Crimes were committed by all sides," said Serb student Mladen Mancic. "This is just an honourable man who defended the Serb people. If it wasn't for him we wouldn't be here today."

Mladic was in charge of the Bosnian Serb army when, over several days in July 1995, Serb fighters attacked the Srebrenica enclave in eastern Bosnia, theoretically under the protection of Dutch UN peacekeepers.

Video footage shot at the time showed Mladic mingling with Muslim prisoners. Shortly afterwards, the men and boys were separated from the women, stripped of identification, and shot.

Running in terror

Prosecutor Dermot Groome, beginning a two-day opening statement, said Mladic and other Bosnian Serbs had been implementing a grand plan to eliminate non-Serbs from large areas of Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia.

"The prosecution will present evidence that will show beyond a reasonable doubt the hand of Mr Mladic in each of these crimes," he said.

Prosecutors screened footage of bodies piled up on the streets of Sarajevo and people running in terror from the Serb onslaught.

"There can be no doubt that Mladic controlled the shelling of Sarajevo," Groome said.

"Mladic participated in a campaign of sniping and shelling against the besieged city of Sarajevo in order to spread terror among its civilian population."

Mladic is also held responsible for the imprisonment of non-Serbs in a system of camps, including Omarska, Prijedor and Keraterm, where they were raped, abused and murdered.

Ill health

The horrors of the Sarajevo siege and the Srebrenica massacre eventually galvanised world opinion in support of the campaign of Western air strikes on Bosnian Serb targets that brought the conflict to an end.

Mladic was indicted in 1995 along with Radovan Karadzic, the Bosnian Serbs' political leader, who is also on trial in The Hague. Yet both remained free in Serbia for more than a decade before being tracked down.

Mladic, who was arrested last May, has dismissed the charges as "monstrous" and says he is too ill to endure a trial that could last two years or more. By the end of the hearing he looked tired, and was given medication.

Some victims fear that time and failing health could help him avoid judgment like his mentor Slobodan Milosevic, the architect of the Balkan wars, who died in detention in 2006 - a few months before a verdict in his trial for genocide and other war crimes in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo.

Defence lawyer Branko Lukic said that after three strokes and a heart attack, Mladic "will never be ok", but that his health had been improving thanks to treatment in detention.

It is estimated that the prosecution case alone will last 200 hours, with testimony from 411 witnesses, and defence lawyers say they have not had have enough time to review the huge case file.

The judges said on Wednesday that prosecutors had made "very significant errors" in disclosure of evidence, and that they would consider giving the defence more time.

  • louis.langenhoven - 2012-05-16 20:48

    these are some BAD dudes- I've just finished a book- Sarajevo Roses- by a SA author who was in Sarajevo during the war and it makes for interesting reading

  • Diana - 2012-05-16 22:42

    If someone will ever stand for palestinians' rights after they suffered due to formation of "Greater Israel"?

      Jaba - 2012-05-17 07:29

      They wouldn’t have to suffer if they chose peace rather than their current rout of terror. As long as Hamas’s charter calls for the killing of all Jews; the Palestinians will continue to suffer out of their own doing. Madiba said violence is not the way and I agree. When the Palestinian leadership choose peace there will be peace, however they are too religiously fanatic, and too racists to ever accept a non Muslim entity in the Middle East. The Arab world wants Apartheid in the Middle East – They refuse to accept anyone else.

      Diana - 2012-05-17 08:26

      @Jaba. Please dont make me sick mentioning racism and apartheid, old news dont wanna buy it anymore. But if to go back to the subject when someone kicks you out of your own home do you just "peacefully" accept this or at least will go and lay a charge at the cop-shop?

      Jaba - 2012-05-17 09:04

      Diana A new report from one of the world's most respected NGO, Open Doors, shines a spotlight on the oppression of Christians in Muslim lands. It addresses the diminution, subjugation, emasculation, conversion, massacre and deportation of the indigenous Christians who came under the rule of Muhammad’s faithful. The survey demolishes the mainstream media’s obfuscation. With the only exception being North Korea, an atheistic nightmare where 70,000 Christians are held in ghastly camps, 9 of the 10 worst persecutors of Christians are Islamic countries (Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Iran, Maldives, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Iraq and Pakistan.) Of the 50 countries on the Open Doors’ list, 35 are Muslim (the Palestinian Authority is listed, but not Israel.) Islamic groups recently issued an ultimatum to the Christians in Nigeria: “You have three days to leave, or you’ll die.” Over 13,750 Christians have already been killed in Nigeria since the introduction of Sharia laws in 2001. Some 500 Christians have been slaughtered since last December and 300 churches have been demolished.

      Jaba - 2012-05-17 09:05

      Islam’s supersessionary doctrine catalyzes destruction, oppression and hemorrhaging of Christians in eastern lands. While there were moments of laxity in applying this domination, Islam did not recoil from razing churches in ancient Damascus and slaughtering Christians in the Sub-Saharan plateau, inflicting atrocities in Aleppo or Mesopotamia. A potential genocidal Christianophobia is spreading through Islamic lands. Today there is only one country in the Middle East in which Christian numbers are not declining but continues to increase: Israel. The Jewish State hosts a multitude of Christian creeds, confessions and cultures. The Arabs call Israel an Apartheid state – I see the only apartheid in the Middle East to be the Arab nations themselves

      Jaba - 2012-05-17 09:07

      Arabs were not expelled from their homes. Israel went to enormous lengths to reassure them, and to get them to stay. In fact, the ones who did stay are citizens of Israel, enjoying all of the rights and privileges of citizenship, although not all of the obligations (such as military service). The ones who left were voluntary quits, who heeded the call of their leadership to get out of the way of the "conquering Arab armies" (I trust you are aware that one day after Israel's declaration of modern statehood, it was attacked by five Arab armies). No one expected Israel to win, but win they did. Won five more subsequent wars, too, all of them started by the Arabs. If you are serious about the question of expulsion, I suggest you look no further than the one million Jews expelled from their homes in Moslem and Arab lands in 1948, with little more than the clothes on their backs. It happened again, on a lesser scale, following Israel's stunning victory in the Six Day War.

  • Jerzy - 2012-05-17 06:11

    Jeff jones, you are nothing more than an ignorant insensitive jackass for condoning the deaths Muslims at the hands this devil. It looks to me like Europe is being ruined by your type of heroes like Breivick, Mladic and Milosovic. I see that you have 3 like minded supporters on news24. Why don't you fools get together and go on a pilgrimage to the Norway.

  • micheal.moolman - 2012-07-08 06:19

    Sitting here in SA one can only imagine what the atmosphere must be like in 'that' courtroom. If the facts of this report are recorded accrately, it sounds like this fellow Mladic is a seriously bad chap, which would put him in the same company as that chap with the little black moustach and his mate with a slight limp.

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