North Korea open to food-nuke deal

2012-01-11 23:05

Seoul - North Korea signaled on Wednesday it remains open to suspending uranium enrichment in exchange for US food aid, a deal that appeared imminent before leader Kim Jong Il died last month.

The North complained that the United States had "drastically" changed the amount and kind of aid it would send, but said officials would wait and "see if the United States has a willingness to establish confidence" with North Korea - which observers saw as Pyongyang's precondition for making the food-for-uranium-suspension deal happen.

The North's statement offers an early look at how the government now led by Kim Jong Il's son, Kim Jong Un, will handle two of North Korea's most pressing issues: a long-running food crisis and years of international pressure to end its nuclear programme.

"The North is saying it is willing to go ahead with nuclear steps if it gets the food aid it wants," said Koh Yu-hwan, a North Korea professor at Seoul's Dongguk University. "The North is telling the United States to provide a goodwill gesture. If Washington doesn't, Pyongyang is threatening it will go down its own path."

Some have feared Pyongyang may attempt to rally support around the younger Kim's rule with a nuclear or missile test or an act of aggression against South Korea, but Wednesday's statement from an unidentified Foreign Ministry spokesperson in Pyongyang suggests it may instead choose to pursue an agreement that could be trumpeted as a diplomatic victory.

The United States said on Wednesday that its conversations with North Korea were continuing but they have not resolved differences over the assessment of food needs and how to monitor any "nutritional assistance".

State department spokesperson Victoria Nuland maintained the food issue was separate from negotiations over the North's nuclear programme and said that to her knowledge, the US has not had "strong new signals" from the North on either topic.

The Associated Press reported before Kim Jong Il's December 17 death that the United States was poised to announce a significant donation of food aid to North Korea. 

Family dynasty

That would have been followed within days by an agreement to suspend North Korea's uranium enrichment programme, according to a broad outline of the emerging agreement made known to the AP by people close to the negotiations.

Discussions were suspended after Kim Jong Il's death, as the North turned inward for an official mourning period. Now Pyongyang looks to solidify Kim Jong Un's power as he extends the Kim family dynasty into a third generation.

US officials have called possible food aid to North Korea "nutritional assistance," such as vitamin supplements, and have said they want to ensure such aid goes to the needy and not the military. North Korea, for its part, has reportedly demanded rice and other grains.

"I think you know where we are on nutritional assistance. We do not link this to politics. This is not something to be traded," Nuland told reporters.

North Korea, which has tested two atomic devices in the past five years, has pushed over the last year for a resumption of six-nation aid-for-disarmament talks involving the two Koreas, the US, China, Russia and Japan.

But the US and South Korea demand that Pyongyang first suspend uranium enrichment and fulfil other past nuclear commitments.

Uranium enrichment could give the North another way to make nuclear bombs, in addition to its plutonium programme.

Nuland reiterated Wednesday that to restart the six-party talks, the North needed to continue dialogue with South Korea, take "real good faith steps to show willingness to talk about their nuclear program and come back in compliance."

North Korea has been trying to cast Kim Jong Un, believed to be in his late 20s, as a strong, confident military leader. State TV in recent days has shown him in the cockpit of a tank, on horseback and poring over documents at night. 

Inspected a meat store

On Wednesday, the official Korean Central News Agency said he inspected military-led construction projects, including a traditional park and a meat store.

But even as North Korea pursues its nuclear weapons ambitions, it struggles to feed its own people, analysts say. The country had little arable land to begin with and has suffered from decades of economic mismanagement.

The problem is highlighted this year by the North's repeated vows to start building a strong, prosperous country as it celebrates the centennial of the birth of founder Kim Il Sung in April.

The North's statement, released by KCNA, said Washington, in talks with Pyongyang that began in July last year, proposed providing food aid and discussing temporarily lifting sanctions if Pyongyang took confidence-building measures such as suspending its uranium enrichment activities.

In 2008, the United States promised to provide 500 000 tons of food aid. The US subsequently gave North Korea about 170 000 tons of food aid, but the North in 2009 rejected remaining shipments after tension flared over a planned long-range rocket test.

Recent US-North Korea talks were about shipping the remaining 330 000 tons of food aid, but Washington later sought to "drastically" change the amount and the items of food assistance it was supposed to provide, the North Korean statement said.

While North Korea expressed "doubt about the US," it said it "will see if the US has a willingness to build confidence."

The statement also said unspecified "hostile forces" are spreading "unsavoury" rumours that North Korea "is holding its hands out for food" after Kim Jong Il's death.

The United States and North Korea fought on opposite sides of the 1950-53 Korean War, which ended with an armistice, not a peace treaty, leaving the peninsula in a technical state of war. About 28 500 US troops are stationed in South Korea to deter potential North Korean aggression.

  • Johan Grobbelaar - 2012-01-12 06:51

    So they got money 4 uranium enrichment but not 4 food? Kinda like having money 4 parties but not 4 service delivery...

      Rainbow - 2012-01-12 07:01

      romfal!! Good one!

      ludlowdj - 2012-01-12 09:54

      Actually the truth is a little easier to explain, North Korea has the money and agricultural land to produce it own food, it is simply a case of demand outstripping supply due to climate change and the loss of billion of hectares of farmland around the world due to the massive flooding and weather changes. To say that NK need the US is also incorrect as NK has strong ties with BRIC block countries and can comfortably import anything they are short of, what we are talking about here is NK accepting a hand out, which increases the countries disposable income as opposed to having to pay for food imports. To say that NK cannot survive without US assistance is simply incorrect.

      Blade - 2012-01-12 10:17

      Sorry but the BRIC block countries with the exception of China are also beggars.

      Fred - 2012-02-29 19:33

      Wrong again too, Ludlow. Very wrong. Are you going to drop the filters and see what is really happening in the world, or are you going to continue to walk around with blinkers, fueled by anti-West rhetoric of the mass UNELECTED extremist regimes' media?

  • Rainbow - 2012-01-12 07:12

    usa - Stop supplying food to communist dictators and their evil supporters - youre selling your soul to the devil North Korea - must starve..bad things happen to bad people.

      rlong1952 - 2012-01-12 08:02

      In a sense I agree but there are millions of starving oppressed people in NK, US should rather send a task force and dispose of the evil Kim dynasty who live like kings while their people starve.

      TheyTookMyNickLaZynEko - 2012-01-12 08:12

      bad people are everywhere. saying north korea must starve is very cruel and unfair to their innocents.

  • ludlowdj - 2012-01-12 09:48

    @ JUAN US aid will never be stopped as it is a bargaining chip and helps to grease the wheels of co-operation. The US contrary to popular belief is not the greatest or strongest fighting force in the world, They therefore use the oldest of mans beliefs and bargaining chips, in a classic "I give to you, so you owe me" and the all time favorite "do what we say or we will stop helping you" to enable them to strong arms countries into towing the line. @ everyone else Do not delude yourself that NK has its back to the wall or that they will only survive with US assistance, in any showdown the US would find itself facing more than just NK, China and most of the BRIC countries would side with NK a cursory study of political movement and attitudes shows a very clear politicization of the worlds force into two distinct forces, with the communist block grouping holding a much larger arsenal of weapons and manpower. Although unlikely the possibility of an all out world war and nuclear confrontation is closer to becoming a reality than at any other time to date.

      Blade - 2012-01-12 10:07

      In the unlikely event that China would oppose its biggest commercial partner, the USA, I doubt the Chinese efforts at building advanced nuclear weapons would be any more successful than their space program...As for the rest of the BRIC countries...3rd world pits of starvation and corruption.

      rlong1952 - 2012-01-12 11:17

      You are in North Korea so you know all this as fact? The NK population is starving, I know, I am in South Korea and have personally spoken to NK refugees. They have their backs to the wall, believe me. Don't think for one moment China will jump to their rescue. All China is concerned about is stability on the Korean peninsula or they will have a flood of refugees from NK. They will never openly admit that though.

      rlong1952 - 2012-01-12 11:22

      'Actually the truth is a little easier to explain, North Korea has the money and agricultural land to produce it own food, it is simply a case of demand outstripping supply due to climate change and the loss of billion of hectares of farmland around the world due to the massive flooding and weather changes.' What a load of horse manure! They have no food because of their failed economic program. They neglect their land and their people (Kim family) and the people are forced for example to cut down all the trees for firewood in order to survive the bitter cold of winter. The mass destruction of the trees alone is enough to devastate the agricultural potential of any country.

      Fred - 2012-02-29 19:35

      How wrong you are again. North Korea's new leader seems to be part of the new generation coming through. Right now you're part of the stale, old guard who sees the world through old, wrong lenses.

  • Blade - 2012-01-12 09:53

    This amounts to blackmail. The USA has become very soft in its approach to murderous dictators, instead of sending food they should send a few missiles.

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