News24

Number of journalists imprisoned rises

2013-02-15 09:09

Sao Paulo — A record number of journalists were imprisoned worldwide in 2012 in a "deteriorating environment for press freedom", a leading media advocacy group said on Thursday.

The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) said in its annual "Attacks on the Press" report that 232 journalists were jailed last year in a "trend driven primarily by terrorism and other anti-state charges levied against critical reporters and editors". It said the number was the highest since it made its first survey in 1990.

The report said that 70 journalists were killed in the line of duty in 2012. That's 43% more than in 2011.

"When journalists are silenced, whether through violence or laws, we all stand to lose because perpetrators are able to obscure misdeeds, silence dissent, and disempower citizens," CPJ Deputy Director Robert Mahoney said in a statement. "The battle to control information is an assault on public accountability that cannot go unchallenged. Governments must prosecute perpetrators and stop those seeking to incapacitate public oversight by blunting critical and probing reporting."

The report included the committee's first "Risk List" of 10 countries where the committee identified the most significant "downward trends" in 2012. Those trends include high murder rates and "entrenched impunity" in Pakistan, Somalia, and Brazil and "restrictive laws to silence dissent in Ecuador, Turkey and Russia, as well as the imprisonment of large numbers of journalists on anti-state charges to thwart critical reporting in Ethiopia, Turkey, Vietnam, Iran, and Syria.

The report also noted that 28 journalists were killed in Syria, making it the world's deadliest place for reporters last year. It was followed by Somalia with 12 journalists killed, and Pakistan with seven, the report said.

Russia

The report also criticised Syrian government attempts to suppress independent coverage of the anti-government uprising. "In addition to disabling phone networks, electricity, and the internet, authorities have been implicated in malware attacks against reporters and have used torture to extract the online passwords of journalists", according to the report.

It said that in 2012, four journalists were murdered in Brazil, making the country the world's fourth deadliest for the press. Three were killed in 2011. All but one of the seven journalists killed in the past two years had denounced official corruption or crime, the report said.

It criticised the large number of lawsuits filed by Brazilian businessmen, politicians and public officials accusing critical journalists of offending their honour or invading their privacy.

In Russia, the press freedom climate that had improved under Dmitry Medvedev deteriorated after Vladimir Putin's return to the presidency in May 2012, the report said. It said Putin had approved measures to criminalised defamation and to restrict online content.

With 16 unsolved journalist murders in the past decade, Russia has the world's ninth-worst record for combating deadly anti-press crime, the CPJ said.

In 2012, Turkey "emerged as the world's leading jailer of journalists", CPJ said. Most of the 49 journalists imprisoned last year were Kurdish journalists charged with supporting terrorism by covering the views and activities of the banned Kurdistan Workers Party, the report said.

In Iran, 45 reporters and editors were jailed in 2012, the second-highest total in the world.

"Imprisoned journalists are subjected to horrific conditions that include extended periods of solitary confinement, deprivation of medical care, and torture," the CPJ said.

The other countries on the "Risk List" are Ecuador, Ethiopia, Somalia, Pakistan and Vietnam.

Comments
  • AllcoveredinNinjas - 2013-02-15 09:44

    One would assume that America and Isreal would top those lists by miles but then again 'speaking truth to power' and uncovering injustice in Russia ir Iran seems to pose a bit more of a risk.

  • fidel.uncensored - 2013-02-15 10:03

    Only intellectually naive and challenged people are under the illusion that "press freedom" actually exists. When warmongers order up war, with the usual lies, double-talk and moral hypocrisy, the so called "free press" must immediately fall in line. The powers that be decides how news and information should be fed to the besotted masses, through its propaganda outlets of CNNs, Euronews, BBC, Al Jazeera, Times of London, and a host of others not mentioned. As Noam Chomsky reminds us, it is not the purpose of the mainstream media to question the corporate-state arrangement. That task has fallen to the Internet.

  • fidel.uncensored - 2013-02-15 10:07

    “There is no such thing, at this stage of the world’s history in America, as an independent press. You know it and I know it. There is not one of you who dare write your honest opinions, and if you did, you know beforehand that it would never appear in print. I am paid weekly for keeping my honest opinions out of the paper I am connected with. Other of you are paid similar salaries for similar things, and any of you who would be foolish as to write honest opinions would be out on the streets looking for another job. If I allowed my honest opinions to appear in one issue of my papers, before twenty-four hours my occupation would be gone. “The business of the journalist is to destroy the truth, to lie outright, to pervert, to vilify, to fawn at the feet of mammon, and to sell his country and his race for his daily bread. You know it and I know it, and what folly is this toasting an independent press? We are the jumping jacks, they pull the strings and we dance. Our talents, our possibilities and our lives are all the property of other men. We are intellectual prostitutes.” -John Swinton

      ErikaBezuidenhout - 2013-02-15 10:30

      Now that is the first sensible thing I heard you say in a long time. So you are aware that we are being manipulated by mammon and his minions, so don't fall into their trap by being just as corrupt as they are in the soul, it might cost you dearly. You seem to have done your homework, now put the good thereof into practice the world need more of you willing to speak the truth and to not just be another lackey of the devil and his demons. We should stand together against these manipulators and not for their practices. Thanks for a good comment.

  • dylan.sciarappa - 2013-02-15 11:41

    No mention of America here...... Mmmm Also another jab at Russia. More us hypocrisy.

      avremel.niselow - 2013-02-15 11:44

      Ok, how many journalists are imprisoned in the US?

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