Only marijuana in face-chewer's system

2012-06-28 07:49

Miami — Lab tests detected only marijuana in the system of a Florida man shot while chewing on another man's face, the medical examiner said on Wednesday, ruling out other street drugs including the components typically found in the stimulants known as "bath salts".

There has been much speculation about what drugs, if any, would lead to the bizarre behaviour that authorities said Rudy Eugene exhibited before and during the gruesome attack that left the other man horribly disfigured.

A Miami police union official had suggested that Eugene, who was shot and killed by an officer, was probably under the influence of bath salts.

The Miami-Dade County Medical Examiner said in a news release that the toxicology detected marijuana, but it didn't find any other street drugs, alcohol or prescription drugs. Eugene also tested negative for adulterants commonly mixed with street drugs.

The department ruled out the most common components found in so-called bath salts, which mimic the effects of cocaine or methamphetamine and have been associated with bizarre crimes in recent months.

An outside forensic toxicology lab, which took a second look at the results, also confirmed the absence of bath salts, synthetic marijuana and LSD.

Move to ban drugs

Messages left with the medical examiner's office for comment were not immediately returned.

The Drug Enforcement Administration last year temporarily outlawed the possession and sale of three synthetic stimulants sometimes packaged as "bath salts".

Several states have also moved to ban the drugs, often sold on the internet and in head shops and other retail outlets. The bans don't affect the kinds of bath salts added to tubs for their fragrance and cosmetic benefits.

An expert on toxicology testing said that marijuana alone wasn't likely to cause behaviour as strange as Eugene's.

"The problem today is that there is an almost an infinite number of chemical substances out there that can trigger unusual behaviour," said Dr Bruce Goldberger, Professor and Director of Toxicology at the University of Florida.

Goldberger said that the medical examiner's office in Miami is known for doing thorough work and that he's confident they and the independent lab covered as much ground as possible. But it's nearly impossible for toxicology testing to keep pace with new formulations of synthetic drugs.

Marijuana not ruled out

"There are many of these synthetic drugs that we currently don't have the methodology to test on, and that is not the fault of the toxicology lab. The challenge today for the toxicology lab is to stay on top of these new chemicals and develop methodologies for them, but it's very difficult and very expensive." Goldberger said.

"There is no one test or combination of tests that can detect every possible substance out there."

An addiction expert said she wouldn't rule out marijuana causing the agitation.

"It could have been the strain of marijuana that increases the dopamine in the brain, such as sativa," said Dr Patricia Junquera, assistant professor at the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.

There are two strains of marijuana called sativa and indica. The sativa increases dopamine and gives you energy while decreasing pain threshold. Indica is a "sleepy high", she explained.

"People don't really know what the amount of either is in each little packet of marijuana," she explained. "And we can't differentiate between the two in the blood, much less in a dead person."

No legal action

She also suggested that if Eugene had a mental disorder, "the marijuana could have increased even further the dopamine levels and aggravated the situation. So that can't be ruled out."

It's not clear what led to the 26 May attack on Ronald Poppo, a 65-year-old homeless man who remains hospitalised. Eugene's friends and family have said he was religious, not violent and that he didn't drink or do drugs harder than marijuana.

"There's no answer for it, not really," Eugene's younger brother, Marckenson Charles, said in an interview. "Anybody who knew him knows this wasn't the person we knew him to be. Whatever triggered him, there is no answer for this."

Surveillance video from a nearby building shows Eugene stripping Poppo and pummelling him, before appearing to hunch over and lie on top of him. The police officer who shot Eugene to death said he growled at the officer when he told him to stop.

Charles, Eugene's brother, said the family does not plan to pursue any legal action against the police for shooting Eugene.

"They used the force they felt was necessary, even if we don't agree with that,' he said.

He said that Eugene has been buried.

No signs of violence

Shortly before the attack, a person driving on the MacArthur Causeway told an emergency services dispatcher that a "completely naked man" was on top of one of the light poles on the causeway and "acting like Tarzan". Still, police have said little about what may have prompted Eugene to attack Poppo.

Poppo has undergone several surgeries and remains hospitalised. His left eye was removed, but doctors said earlier this month they were trying to find a way to restore vision in his right eye.

He will need more surgeries before he can explore the options for reconstructing his face, doctors have said. A message left with the hospital was not immediately returned.

Poppo's family has said it had no contact with him for more than 30 years and thought he was dead.

Eugene's girlfriend, meanwhile, has said he never showed any signs of violence.

Yovonka Bryant said she and Eugene often read the Bible and the Qur'an together, and often watched a religious television programme in the mornings. She said she never saw Eugene drink and only saw him smoke marijuana once at a party.

  • ghanja.bear - 2012-06-28 08:03

    LOL here we go again...

      Squeegee - 2012-06-28 08:04

      Lets see what all the potheads say about this. Come on you face chewing zombies.

      allcoveredinNinjas - 2012-06-28 08:16

      In the apt words of Chris Rock , " What happened to crazy ? When did everybody wake up and all of a sudden people couldn't be crazy no more".

      owen.finley.9 - 2012-06-28 08:32

      Squeegee, he was a cannabis smoker, therefore cannabis made him do it? Great logic there. I know hundreds of cannabis smokers and I have never feared having my face eaten by one of them. I'm a lot more worried about getting picked on by aggressive drunk people on Friday nights, but hey, it's legal so it must be OK right? haha

      richard.hipkin - 2012-06-28 15:16

      Oh God I knew ignorant squeegee would jump all over this..

      Squeegee - 2012-06-28 15:39

      Oh Pointblank, yours is the exact response I expected. Go smoke some more and stay away from people's faces.

      ben.louw.5 - 2012-06-28 16:41

      I blame mixing religions... should mix drugs...

  • Preshen - 2012-06-28 08:16

    He had a bad case of the munchies

  • Barefoot - 2012-06-28 08:35

    Lol i like the headline

  • willem.botha.5623 - 2012-06-28 08:39

    So I better start listening to my friends when they complain about hunger.

  • leon.fellows.1 - 2012-06-28 08:39

    you don't see dutch people biting others in the face , am in Holland anybody can get stoned

  • laurenjbarwick - 2012-06-28 08:52

    Marijuana not ruled out? Seriously. News24 is trying to tell me that Cannabis may have caused him to eat a persons face off?? This is taking propaganda to a whole new level of stupid. If he had a MENTAL DISORDER - Then it was the MENTAL DISORDER that made him eat the guys face off. NOT Cannabis. Just because he was self medicating doesn't give anyone the right to now start blaming his choice of treatment. Leave the plant alone. He was not right in his head. That is the problem. And that is ALL people should be focusing on here... All the stoners of the world are not going to rise up and start eating peoples faces... so everyone can relax

      deon.louw.7505 - 2012-06-28 09:16

      Cannabis can trigger mental disorders.

      neil.tyler.54 - 2012-06-28 09:46

      @deon. Anything can trigger mental disorders. From my experience with drinkers, alcohol brings out mental disorders much more.

      richard.hipkin - 2012-06-28 15:17

      deon, that is a myth created by the anti-dope clan.. It has been disproven in recent studies.

      ben.louw.5 - 2012-06-28 16:33

      so can anything including reading your reply

  • anotheradrian - 2012-06-28 09:08

    marijuana does'nt make you a zombie, being a crazy psycho makes you a zombie. if it did.. we would all be in deep $hit because half the world smokes weed to cope with all the bull$hit in life

      neil.tyler.54 - 2012-06-28 09:48

      Could not have said it better!

      antin.herinck - 2012-07-02 16:59

      @anotheradrian , Fair argument, It will only make subjects who are predisposed to psychopathy ill, but that does not mean its completely harmless to all others. In fact if you think that you get away unscathed with heavy and prolonged use, then regardless how well put-together you are, there WILL be consequences. The only thing at issue is: how bad are they.

  • cyanideandhappiness - 2012-06-28 09:40

    Sorry guys, but mary-j didnt do this, there has been no case that I have ever heard of where a person is uncontrollably violent on the drug... But as always, it's a great way for the media to demonize something that does absolutely no harm. If you told me this guy was incredibly drunk, then I would think it's the cause, but Marijuana simply just wont cause this behaviour by itself.

  • Maven - 2012-06-28 10:15

    Once again the Bible and the Qur'an stikes, when will these be outlawed?

  • buzz.rsa - 2012-06-28 12:25

    Don't see what marijuana being in the dude's system has to do with him chomping on some random bergie's face. Haven't heard of hordes cannibals roaming the streets in Netherlands nor had someone snap at my hand when passing them a joint. Sensationalist reporting at it's worst. Maybe the dude had just seen that Steers ad with the beggar/burger and completely misunderstood it.

  • ben.louw.5 - 2012-06-28 16:36

    Bible AND the Quaran....see what happens when you mix your mind altering drugs...

  • trevor.lea.92 - 2012-06-28 19:54

    "It could have been the strain of marijuana ..." In this case the strain must have been Cannabalis.

  • antin.herinck - 2012-07-02 15:11

    Well thanks for nothing news24!!!!! I followed your hint and smoked my bathsalts. In one word: HORRIBLE! To all: don't even try it! Godawful headache, vomited and cough my lungs out. Then I rather go back to smoking banana skins again. But this "Durban Poison" is also not all it's cracked up to be either.

  • antin.herinck - 2012-07-02 15:13

    This make me worry for those marijuana users who are also vegetarians.

  • antin.herinck - 2012-07-02 15:35

    Anyway, this fact about the differences between two sub-species of cannabis (-sativa and -indica) and their respective physiological and psychoactive effects is interesting; I did not know this.

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