Palestinian resolution fails at UN Security Council

2014-12-31 10:04

New York - The UN Security Council failed on Tuesday to adopt a resolution on Palestinian statehood that was strongly opposed by the United States.

China, France and Russia were among the eight countries that voted in favour of the text, but the resolution fell short of winning the nine "yes" votes necessary for adoption in the 15-member council.

Australia and the United States voted against, and five other countries abstained, including Britain.

The resolution drafted by the Palestinians and backed by Arab countries would have paved the way to a Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as its capital.

It set a 12-month deadline for Israel to reach a final peace deal with the Palestinians and called for a full Israeli withdrawal from the Palestinian territories by the end of 2017.

Security Council member Jordan had requested the vote despite opposition from the United States, which argued that the resolution did not address Israel's security concerns and set arbitrary deadlines.

'More division'

"This resolution sets the stage for more division, not for compromise," US Ambassador Samantha Power told the council. "This text addresses the concerns of just one side."

Power defended the US position in favour of direct talks, saying "peace will come from hard choices and compromises that must be made at the negotiating table."

US Secretary of State John Kerry had lobbied in the days leading up to the vote, calling 13 foreign ministers to explain the American opposition.

Washington was not, however, compelled to resort to its veto power to block the measure - a move that could have undermined US standing in the Arab world.

A US veto risked angering key Arab allies, including partners in the US-led coalition carrying out air strikes against the Islamic State group in Syria and Iraq.

Argentina, Chad, Chile, Jordan and Luxembourg joined China, France and Russia in supporting the resolution.

Lithuania, Nigeria, Rwanda and South Korea abstained, along with Britain.

Diplomatic sources said Nigeria had been expected to support the resolution and changed its stance at the last minute.

France's envoy said he backed the resolution because of an "urgent need to act" and vowed to continue pressing for a UN role in reviving Israeli-Palestinian peace talks.

"Our efforts must not stop here. It is our responsibility to try again, before it's too late," said Francois Delattre.

International alarm is growing over the ongoing violence and the failure to restart negotiations that last broke down in April, when Kerry led a push for peace.

European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said the vote underlined the "urgency" for Israel and the Palestinians to urgently resume peace negotiations.

"The European Union will promote and support now more than ever efforts to achieve a lasting peace based on this two-state vision together with international partners, including in the region," she said.

On Tuesday, a Palestinian teenager was seriously wounded by Israeli gunfire in the West Bank, according to family members. The army said he had thrown a suspected explosive device at troops.

'The message is clear'

The vote capped a three-month campaign by the Palestinians at the United Nations to win support for a resolution that sets a timeframe for ending the Israeli occupation.

Palestinian envoy Riyad Mansour accused the council of failing to shoulder its responsibilities and vowed to seek other venues to gain recognition.

"The Palestinian people and the world can no longer wait. That message, despite the regrettable outcome today, is especially clear," he told the council.

Mansour said the Palestinian leadership will meet on Wednesday to decide on the next steps.

The Palestinians have said they are prepared to join the International Criminal Court to launch legal action against Israel and use other international fora to press their case if the resolution fails.

Israel - represented by the mission's number three Israel Nitzan - delivered a terse, four-sentence address to the council.

"I have news for the Palestinians - you cannot agitate and provoke your way to a state," he said.

"I urge the council to stop indulging the Palestinians and put an end to their march of folly."

  • Narian Chengiah Naidoo - 2014-12-31 10:19

    The United Nations is a contradictious two-faced toothless watchdog that talks with a forked tongue.

      SaintBruce Bruce - 2014-12-31 10:32

      The way the UN is set up means it keeps peace where there is peace and walks away at the first sign of change in peace to conflict. Interestingly, the Palestinians have had their own State all along, it's called Jordan. Plenty of land, same language, same religion, same origins of the peoples just a political fight against the State of Israel bars integration of Transjordan Arabs with fellow Arabs. The real question is why?

      Dhavandran Palavar - 2014-12-31 11:29

      "I have news for the Palestinians - you cannot agitate and provoke your way to a state," he said. "I urge the council to stop indulging the Palestinians and put an end to their march of folly." These are words of arseh#les strongly supported by the US to control the arab lands and Palestine.

  • Narian Chengiah Naidoo - 2014-12-31 10:20

    The credibility and the transparency of the United Nations is questionable?

      Anthony Dafo - 2014-12-31 10:58

      Any better solution, to solve the world's problems ??

      Dhavandran Palavar - 2014-12-31 12:31

      spot on.

  • Stefan Jorden - 2014-12-31 10:26

    What did you think/hope was going to happen

  • Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 10:30

    The Palestinians were robbed of their land by religious nutjobs, they deserve to have a state.

      StormerHJ - 2014-12-31 10:50

      Hi Thomas Freeman - you surely know very little of the history of the past - read it again then you will see that the Palestinians are intruders whose actions are instigated by the surrounding Arabs.

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 11:10

      No Stormer you must read up on history. The Biblical Jews were kicked out of Palestine by the Romans. After the War England offered the homeless Jews a refuge in Madagascar or Uganda. They chose an oilless desert. Stupid i know.

      Alan Smith - 2014-12-31 11:29

      They have a state. Its called Jordan.

      Stefan Vivier - 2014-12-31 11:30

      Hi TF you are dreaming. What version of history did you read? Hamas Bible?

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:26

      In 70 CE, Titus sacked Jerusalem, resulting in the dispersal of the city's Jews and Christians to Yavne and Pella. In 132 CE, Hadrian joined the province of Judaea with Galilee to form a new province and renamed it Syria Palaestina, and Jerusalem was renamed "Aelia Capitolina".

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:27

      Palestine was conquered by the Islamic Empire following the 636 CE Battle of Yarmouk during the Muslim conquest of Syria. In 661 CE, with the assassination of Ali, Muawiyah I became the uncontested Caliph of the Islamic World after being crowned in Jerusalem. In 691, the Dome of the Rock became the world's first great work of Islamic architecture. The Umayyad were replaced by the Abbasids in 750. From 878 Palestine was ruled from Egypt by semi-autonomous rulers for almost a century, beginning with Ahmad ibn Tulun, and ending with the Ikhshidid rulers who were both buried in Jerusalem.

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:27

      The Fatimids conquered the region in 969. In 1073 Palestine was captured by the Great Seljuq Empire, only to be recaptured by the Fatimids in 1098, who then lost the region to the Crusaders in 1099. Their control of Jerusalem and most of Palestine lasted almost a century until defeat by Saladin's forces in 1187, after which most of Palestine was controlled by the Ayyubids. A rump Crusader state in the northern coastal cities survived for another century, but, despite seven further Crusades, the Crusaders were no longer a significant power in the region.

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:28

      The Mamluk Sultanate was indirectly created in Egypt as a result of the Seventh Crusade. The Mongol Empire reached Palestine for the first time in 1260, beginning with the Mongol raids into Palestine under Nestorian Christian general Kitbuqa and reaching an apex at the pivotal Battle of Ain Jalut. In 1486, hostilities broke out between the Mamluks and the Ottoman Turks and the Ottomans captured Palestine in 1516.

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:28

      In 1832 the region was conquered by Muhammad Ali's Egypt, but in 1840 Britain intervened and returned control of the Levant to the Ottomans in return for further capitulations.[citation needed] The turbulent period of Egyptian rule experienced two major revolts (the 1834 Arab Peasants revolt and 1838 Druze revolt) and a significant demographic change in coastal areas, populated by Egyptian Arab peasants and former soldiers of Ali. The end of the 19th century saw the beginning of Zionist immigration and the revival of the Hebrew language. Increasing Jewish immigration in the late 19th and early 20th centuries added considerably to the Jewish communities in Jerusalem, Safed, Tiberias and Jaffa.[4]

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:30

      During World War I the British government issued the pro-Zionist Balfour Declaration of 1917. The British captured Jerusalem a month later. The League of Nations formally awarded Britain a mandate over Palestine in 1922. The land west of the Jordan River was under direct British administration until 1948, while the land east of the Jordan was a semi-autonomous region known as Transjordan, under the rule of the Hashemite family from the Hijaz, and gained independence in 1946. The 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine was a nationalist uprising by Palestinian Arabs against British colonial rule and mass Jewish immigration.

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:31

      After the Nazi Holocaust pressure grew for the international recognition of a Jewish state in Palestine. In 1947 the British Government announced its intention to terminate the Mandate. The United Nations General Assembly voted to partition Palestine into independent Arab and Jewish states, with a special international regime for Jerusalem. The Arabs rejected the partition of Palestine, but the Jews declared the independence of the State of Israel in May 1948. During the 1948 Palestine War, Israel overran far more territory than was proposed by the Partition Plan; Jordan captured the region today known as the West Bank, while in the Gaza Strip the All-Palestine Government was announced in September 1948. In what is known as the Nakba, or "Catastrophe", hundreds of Palestinian villages and over 70,000 Palestinian homes were destroyed.[5] 700,000 Palestinians fled or were driven from their native land by the Israelis. The Palestinian refugees were unable to return following the Lausanne Conference, 1949.[citation needed] During and after the 1948 war, a wave of Jewish refugees from Arab countries arrived in Palestine, further exacerbating the situation for Palestinian Arabs. The question of the right to return of the refugees and their descendants remains a source of dispute.[6] The All-Palestinian Government was later moved from Gaza to Cairo and eventually dissolved in 1959 by Egyptian President Nasser. Gaza was taken into Egyptian military administration. wiki

      Dhavandran Palavar - 2014-12-31 12:38

      so right Thomas.

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:57

      The Palestinian national movement gradually regrouped in the West Bank and Gaza, and in refugee camps in neighbouring Arab states. The Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) emerged as its leading umbrella group. During the Six Day War in June 1967, Israel seized East Jerusalem and the West Bank from Jordan and Gaza from Egypt, as well as the Golan Heights from Syria. Despite international objections and UN resolutions, Israel began a policy of establishing illegal Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories.[7]

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 12:58

      The PLO under Yasser Arafat gradually won international recognition as the representative of the Palestinian people. From 1987 to 1993, the First Palestinian Intifada against Israel took place, ending with the 1993 Oslo Peace Accords. These accords established a Palestinian National Authority (PNA - also referred to as the Palestinian Authority, or PA) as an interim body to run parts of Gaza and the West Bank (but not East Jerusalem) pending an agreed solution to the conflict. During the Second Intifada (2000-2005), Israel withdrew from the Gaza Strip but began building the West Bank barrier. In 2006, Hamas won the Palestinian legislative elections and took control of the Gaza Strip in 2007, triggering the Israeli and Egyptian Blockade of the Gaza Strip (2007-the present). In 2008-09 and again in 2014, Israel bombed millitants in Gaza in response to rocket fire. These operationa were however criticized for causing civilian deaths.[8][9] In October 2011, UNESCO admitted the "State of Palestine" as a member in October. In November 2012, the State of Palestine was upgraded in the UN to non-member observer state status, a move that allows it to take part in General Assembly debates and improves its chances of joining other UN agencies.

      Rashid Kara - 2014-12-31 14:26

      @Thomas, great research work!!!!

  • Phelamanga - 2014-12-31 10:45

    Give Gaza back to Egypt and the West Bank to Jordan with Amman as their capital. Then integrate these populations into their respective countries by giving them full citizenship and full rights. This is the true path to peace. Then cooperate with Israel and build a peaceful and prosperous Middle East. Let Palestinians in other Arab countries return to these countries and educate them so that they can build their respective countries. This will in effect destroy Hamas and the PLO and its affiliates which are no more than terrorist organisations that thrive on arms smuggling, money laundering and the training of terrorists who want to attack other peace-loving peoples.

      Geel Slang - 2014-12-31 11:18

      Wont work, nobody want the palestinians

      JimGordon - 2014-12-31 11:19

      And while you are at it, tell all South Africans, black, whites, Muslims, Hindus (and the ANC leadership) to be nice to each and all get along. Hell, since its New Year, lets all slaughter a goat and have a braai together!

      joannekc1 - 2014-12-31 14:36

      Even Lebanon won't assimilate "Palestinian refugees" into their population. Said "refugees" live in refugee camps and are limited I.t.o what careers they can follow (not allowed to be doctors but can be taxi drivers).

      Meyer Groenewald - 2014-12-31 16:22

      It goes much further back then that. The land Israel belings to the Jews and they rightfully took it back. God bless Israel and all its people.

  • Sage Wiseman - 2014-12-31 10:48

    The great bastions of freedom China and russia voting for something denied to their own people.

      Frederick Kaczynski - 2014-12-31 11:07

      i guess you've been to Moscow lately? And Beijing? Or did you get your ideas on CNN?

      Thomas Freeman - 2014-12-31 11:19

      True Sage not many people are flocking to live in Russia or China. Its always to the West that people try to gain entrance, even if illegally. Russia is finished under Putin and China is nothing without the Western economies buying cheap goods from Chinese sweat shops.

      joannekc1 - 2014-12-31 14:41

      Actually the inflow of people from Kazakstan and other surrounding countries to Russia is greater than the number of Russians leaving (outflow).

  • wez1 - 2014-12-31 11:12

    I believe that the Palestinians need their own state. I believe that Israel's expansion is illegal under international law and is a massive obstacle to peace. I also believe, however, that if Israel dismantled the settlements and withdrew to the '67 borders, then their peace will be seriously compromised as her Arab neighbors (including and especially new Palestine) will not be able to resist their blood-lust for Jewish blood. The creation of a Palestinian state is just an ends to a means as a struggle against the only infidel country in the middle east... "We plan to eliminate the state of Israel and establish a purely Palestinian state. We will make life unbearable for Jews by psychological warfare and population explosion. We Palestinians will take over everything, including all of Jerusalem." Yasser Arafat"

      Rashid Kara - 2014-12-31 11:26

      @wez1, maybe me and you must be appointed to help them make peace!!what you say?

  • Anthony De Lucchi - 2014-12-31 11:54

    I still fail to understand why they call themselves “Palestinian” the Romans named that area Palastine, the name of that place in those times was named by the people living there as the Kingdom of Judeah, Samaria and Gallilea. It was for many cenuries a wasteland and depopulated and neglegted only after the Zionist movement in the early 1800’s did the place start to come back to life as the Jewish returnees changed it from a wasteland into arable farmland.....the Ottoman empire did nothing to upgrade the area, only after the first world war when Britain was granted Palestine as a mandate did the British Government through the balfour declaration start the ball rolling that eventually brought about the state of Israel....Once the Arab nations realised that the owners of the land were returning they went ballistic......

      Tommy Tanker - 2014-12-31 12:06

      Keep the lies coming. Of course there was no-one living there, of course it was just a 'wasteland'. There were plenty of genocidal acts by zionist military forces in 1947/1948. Where the Arabs living on these lands where cleared off. If youre unsure of history - check out 'letters from a generals son' on youtube. Great references there on history by a jewish man raised in palistine, whos father was a general in this acts of aggression.

  • Adam Jackson - 2014-12-31 13:10

    So if Thomas is correct, then 700000 Jews poorly armed, defeated 5 arab armies and drove the Palestinians out an destroyed their homes? " If you tell a lie long enough it becomes the truth." Joseph Goebbels head of Hitlers Nazi propaganda.

  • Meyer Groenewald - 2014-12-31 16:15

    GOD bless Israel and all its people.

      Rishi Albert - 2014-12-31 23:27

      Go back to pagan europe meyer drol.

  • Bart - 2014-12-31 23:40

    what I find funny, is that the Palestinians dont bring anything to the table. So Israel has to do this, that. but how about Hamas recognizing the existence of Israel as a start? Without the occupied territories, fair enough. Then we would have something to negociate about. Now its 'we want to be there, and we want you to go, die, or disappear. Your choice'. Thats a swell way of the other side to listen. hehe. No wonder the Israelis do what they have done for 40 years: just let it pass.

  • sharon.cambier - 2015-01-01 12:12

    You people are getting quite mixed up here.... Israel was called Palestine from the beginning of time. Then you get a bunch of Arabs that were kicked out of their home lands (Jordan, Egypt, Armania) .... They in turn go with the Jews to Palestine, which is actually Israel and immediately start a war. Then they decide to call themselves Palestinians which they actually are not because they are Jordanian, Armenian and Egyptian. They are the imposters and they are the thieves. Go look up the history.

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